Toyota 1000 — The Full Wiki

23 мая 2015 | Author: | No comments yet »
Toyota Toyota1000



MITI car concept

The origins of the Publica can be to the national car concept of the omnipotent Ministry of International Trade and which was announced in 1955. The stipulated for a vehicle fulfilling requirements, like maximum over 100 km/h (62 mph), below 400 kg (882 lb), consumption not exceeding 1 litre per 30 km at the speed of 60 km/h (37 mph) on a road, but also notably the that the car would not break or require significant repairs for at 100,000 kilometres (62,000

From concept to reality

Eiji Toyoda was initially to take advantage of the, at time innovative, FF concept engine with front-wheel ), it proved technically too complicated for engineers to be able to complete the allotted time, so the decision was to switch to more conventional FR (front-mounted engine with drive ). In spite of the fact the government sources announced significant tax breaks would be for cars with engine of less than 500 cc, Toyota that such a small would provide insufficient on the highways, and increased the planned to 700 cc. The resulting engine was an air-cooled 697 cc ohv boxer [ 2 ] which produced 28 hp (21 and was known internally as the Toyota U

engine. Fortunately for Toyota, the tax announcements did actually not materialize.

The new car was given a 2-door sedan which was intended to accommodate 4 and a significant amount of luggage in the thus fulfilling the projected of the customers. The car had a double wishbone in the front and semi-elliptical leaf in the rear.

UP10 Publica

The new car was the internal designation of UP10 and the name of Publica and was sold a new dealer network, separate the previous Toyota and Toyopet Sales began in June with the basic price of yen. Initially, the car was very lacking even such options like a radio or a heater. This limited its to the consumers, which were the automobile as an aspirational good and it to exude a much more impression.

Pronunciation of the name

While the Publica was chosen with to the English phrase public referring to the cars intended and popularity, due to the lack of exact between the l and r consonants in Japanese. the can be sometimes misinterpreted as pabrika, to unplanned associations with .

Further development of the UP10

In 1962, a 2-door station version was added, and a derivative Toyota Sport 800 (marketed as Publica Sport) debuted at the Motor Show. In 1963 added a new Deluxe trim denoted internally as type which featured such as reclining seats, heater or as well as some chrome (the previous base was now called Standard ). With the of the Deluxe, demand finally up, and when the convertible model was the same year, sales of the finally reached the target of 3000-4000 monthly. In February a pickup truck model the lineup, and in September the engine got a boost to 32 hp (24 kW), while the trim level

was also made available for the version.

UP20 Publica

In 1966, launched the revised Publica designated UP20. The engine was increased from 697 cc [ 2 ] to 790 cc, and claimed output from 35 hp to 36 hp (the was now called 2U ) while the convertible the 45 hp (34 kW) twin carburetor engine the Sport 800. Since that year, the dealers operating under the Toyota (rather than just brand, and the base price was to 359,000 yen for 1967 — as the US stood at about 360 yen at that Toyota marketed the Publica as the dollar car.

In 1966, also launched the Toyota forward control van. on the UB20 Publica, as well as the production of the wagon version to Motors in 1968, after the was taken over by Toyota. also saw the launch of Publica version, which came the engine of the Sport 800.

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