1970 – 1977 Toyota Celica: The Japanese Ponycar? | Autopolis

27 Фев 2015 | Author: | No comments yet »
Toyota SV-1

1970 – 1977 Toyota The Japanese Ponycar?

When people think of muscle images of Mustangs, Chargers or GT-HO’s come to mind. the concept (or the marketing hoopla) may come from America, it was not an Stars and Stripes kind of Japan had it’s own muscle car in the form of Skylines, Galants and the Celica – yes the Celica! Although of the sports and GT cars that from this era went on to expensive near supercars in form or another, the Celica maintained its as an affordable sporty coupe – if not a by Japanese standards.

The Japanese industry was spreading its wings the humble little econoboxes that it to the West as the 70’s dawned. engineering and design confidence was in splashy concepts cars the Toyota SV-1. Shown at the Tokyo Motor show, it was a version of a concept coupe just a year earlier and put production later that year. Called the Celica, be available in most markets in as a two door then as a liftback (three hatch) after 1973. got it’s first Celica in ST in 1971. Early American cars had either 1.9 or 2.0L

1973Toyota Celica

The Celica may have directly with Datsuns 1500 and Vegas, but its looks and performance loftier aspirations. It was intended to be answer to the American Mustang. The might sound laughable, you considered how close in mission, and power they had become by the mid The 73’ Celica liftback even sported a taillight cluster, prompting to call it the “Mustang Celica”in

All sorts of pressures had forced the Mustang to change dramatically, a much smaller car to the point the Celica and Mustang had become comparable. They even had power ratings. A 74’ Celica was to produce 90 hp from a 2.0L while the Mustang’s 2.8L V-6 105 hp. That also was the first a Mustang offered a four-cylinder (a 2.3L) that made 88 hp.


Like Ford’s pony the Celica came with rather front disc and rear brakes. The Celica had more performance thanks to its independent front and unusual De Dion axle. The Celica was able to itself slim at around lb. despite having air and other options in US models. By contrast the flirted with big V8 engines only contributed to poor due to their added weight and low output.

1974 Toyota Interior

Mustang references aside, the as much of its looks to the Toyota GT as it did from any ponycar. It was Toyota’s way of a mass market sports car for who could not get their hands on the and expensive 2000 GT or a BMW 2002 for matter. The Celica would get a facelift in 1975 with new and grille. The hoods were longer to accommodate a larger but the 2.0 remained the biggest displacement for the US

Unlike a typical muscle the tight cockpit featured a but well-designed dash with gauges for speed, oil pressure, fuel level. The ergonomics a step above what of Vegas or Grimilins were used to, yet the was comparable in price to all of them in sportiest versions at under in 1972.

The Celica’s timing at a critical time in the marketplace. Datsun 240Z had turned the car market on its ear and a fuel crisis was Although the Z car was popular, it cost than the Celica making little coupe an alternative for wanting Japanese quality in a car.  Although far from an economy car, the Celica’s weight and small engine that it would be well for the two fuel crisis of the 70’s. 30 mpg on the was easily obtainable with the speed manual transmission.

Toyota SV-1

1974 US Promotional Photo

customers preferred to trade for safety and convenience. Black guards, air conditioning and a 3-speed transmission became the hallmark of US Celicas.  4 and 5-speed manual had been standard and common European and JDM models were with a 2.2L engine. of them in stripped down with enhanced handling.

The ultimate first generation those with a DOHC  A technical achievement usually for the most expensive and advanced sports cars, the 2.2L was from the beginning. Code 2T-G, it produced as much as 115 hp but saw North American duty.

Star Wars Special Celica

Despite some control issues centered on engine failure with early 2.0L equipped the Celica got good reviews and later create many lifetime Toyota customers. was able to tie-in the Celica to the Wars craze of the late with a one-off special model in 1977. The silver and car featured hand painted The FOX studio approved car was delivered to one contest winner.

An  all-new Celica marked a departure from the “muscle car” formula to a more comfortable GT like The Celica would grow larger and posh until the upmarket would result in a split of to create the Supra in 1986. a few exceptions, the Celica never got its back in the US after that.

Toyota SV-1
Toyota SV-1
Toyota SV-1
Toyota SV-1
Toyota SV-1

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