GT Cars — Toyota Supra Mark 2 1982-1986

19 Фев 2015 | Author: | No comments yet »
Toyota Supra II

In 1982, Toyota completely the Celica Supra as well as the Celica lineup. In Japan, were known as Celica XX, but else the Celica Supra stuck. Still being around the Celica platform, were several key differences, notably the design of the front end and retractable pop-up headlights. differences would be the inline-6 present in the Supra instead of the as well as an increase in length and base to conform with the larger engine. Toyota’s market competition with is shown by the Supra’s use of a rear sun shade to avoid the louvers associated with the Z car.

and P-type

In the North American the Celica Supra was available in two models to accommodate any persons There was of course the Performance (P-type henceforth) and the Luxury (L-type henceforth). While mechanically identical, they differentiated by the available options; sizes, wheel sizes, and trim. The P-type had fiberglass flares over the wheel while the L-type did not. The was also standard with the sporty 8-way adjustable The P-type did not get the option of a leather until 1983. All editions of the had the same 14×7 aluminum rims and throughout the years the had 14×5.5 rims until when they were to a P-type style 15×6. The also had the option of a digital with trip computer, the P-Type was only offered an analog dash (with clock). The digital dash a digital tachometer, digital and electronic fuel level and level gauges. The trip could calculate and display things such as fuel in miles-per-gallon, estimated time of (ETA), and distance remaining to Excluding the 1982 model, all were available with washers as an option, but the L-types never fitted with an option. Although gear changed throughout the years all came as standard with a slip differential.

In the North American market, the Supra’s engine was the 2.8 L (2759 cc) (2 valves per cylinder) DOHC Power output was 145 hp (108 kW) and 155 (210 N•m) of torque. The utilized an 8.8:1 compression to achieve the power and featured a advanced distributor. When the car it clocked a 0-60 time of 9.8 and netted a 17.2 second 1/4 at 80 mph

The transmission for this year was the W58 manual with the A43DL automatic transmission being an for L-types. Both transmissions an overdrive gear and the automatic a locking torque converter. The top in the 5-speed was its overdrive whereas the transmission featured an overdrive that would engage at over 35 mph. The 1982 rear differential featured a ratio. The Celica Supra’s independent suspension was specially and designed by Lotus and featured assisted power rack-and-pinion and MacPherson struts up front. As for the it had semi-trailing arm suspension with springs and a stabilizer bar. on the Celica Supra was handled by disc brakes.

On the inside this generation had power windows, power locks, and power mirrors as as a tilt steering wheel. The door lock was located in the console next to the power control. The analog dash of year only went to 85 mph in America. The optional automatic control on the MK I was renovated and was now seen as a feature on the MK II. Cruise control was in this generation. Toyota included the retractable maplight as just like with MK I Some options included the of a sunroof, two-tone paint and 5-speaker AM/FM/MPX tuner cassette. The optional cassette featured a 105-watt power and a 7-channel graphic equalizer to tone. The standard stereo was a AM/FM/MPX tuner. Leather was an on L-Types this year, but were stuck with striped cloth.

As far as the outside there was no external antenna it was located in the front windshield. was a key lock on the gas tank door and the and bumper were black no what color the rest of the car The P-types were available an optional rear sunshade the hatch glass. The lights in the featured a reverse light in the and the door handles opened the by pulling sideways. The front badge and B-pillar only SUPRA. Although it is believed weren’t introduced on this until 1983, all L-types had and rear mudflaps.

For the 1983 models not much was but there was an increase in power to: 150 hp (112 kW) and 159 ft•lbf (216 of torque from the same The only real change in the area was the switch to an electronic distributor, yet that did not increase the Toyota switched to a 4.10:1 gear ratio for the P-Type and a for the L-Type. As for the optional automatic they switched out the A43DL for a newly designed A43DE It featured an electronic controller would adjust its shift for a balance between performance and It was the first in the industry to provide an Controlled Transmission (ECT). allowed the driver to choose the Power driving mode or driving mode at the touch of the The Power mode provided the acceleration and the Normal mode the best all-around performance.

On the inside of the car there were no changes, but on the outside they to switch to a power antenna and it was the year both the P-Type and had standard mudflaps. The B-pillar and badge were changed to say Supra now and only L-Types available in two-tone color

In 1984, Toyota changed a bit on the Supra. Power output was on the 5-speed models with a up to 160 hp (119 kW) and 163 ft•lbf (221 of torque. The increase was achieved by a of a redesigned intake manifold D-shaped intake runners and an in compression ratio to: 9.2:1. notable change in the 5-speeds was the to a 4.30:1 gear ratio in the differential. All automatic Supra’s the previous years power but the rear gear ratio was to a 4.10:1.

The most notable change was the switch to wraparound turn signals. Also on the the tail-lights were redesigned and the received a billboard SUPRA instead of the smaller sticker, was previously positioned on the right. The hatch and bumper was changed and the same color as the rest of the car of the black of previous years). The handles were also around, opening by pulling up of sideways. This year also decided to offer paint schemes on both the and L-Type.

Toyota Supra II

Some interior controls as the steering wheel, cruise and door lock switch redesigned. Toyota encompassed a 130 mph instead of the traditional 85 mph one and the automatic control display was also The previous year’s cassette/equalizer option was now made a standard

The Supra was altered again in On the engine side, power was increased to 161 hp (120 kW) and 169 ft•lbf N•m) of torque. The good was that all Supras this had that same amount of (both automatics and 5-speeds). The received a redesigned throttle sensor (TPS) as well as a new EGR and knock sensor. With the increase in power the Supra was to propel itself from mph in 8.4 seconds and netting a 16.1 quarter mile at 85 mph.

changes would be a redesigned, integrated sunshade and spoiler on the hatch. The rear spoiler was from a one piece to a two piece Oddly the L-types of this were not available with a interior, but P-types were. added a standard factory deterrent system and the outside were equipped with a that activated with the defroster. All Supras this received automatic-off lights also encompassed an automatic entry and fade-out system.

While 1985 was to be the last of the second generation model, in production of the third generation led to a surplus of second generation During the first half of the 1985 MK II P-type was still for sale, with only cosmetic changes as well as the of a now mandatory rear-mounted third on the hatch. These were all officially as 1986 models. were the only model in 1986.


MK IIs around the world

The generation Supra came in a of options around the world as as only being offered select years.

Mark II information by Chassis code

Toyota Supra II

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