Photography by Erwin Voogt

18 Мар 2015 | Author: | No comments yet »
Toyota Spade

Car Spares and Accessories

Spare and tyres

Indispensible, of course. it took us actually 1.5 year we needed a spare wheel! that the tyre size of the is compatible with the original and vice versa, in case you a rim in an accident or so.

We drove with semi mud and snow tyres came with the second vehicle (size 225x75R16, Long Trail). The spares are two tyres, which are actually not combined with the 225x75R16 on the axle. (The thickness of a tyre equals 225 mm x 75%, the thickness of a 205x70R16 tyre is 205 mm x 70%.) All of them are tubeless.

tyres are available in all countries but in they can be hard to find. also in Pakistan and Nepal the is limited and even in Pakistan the of imported tyres exceed back home.

In December after traveling for 18 months and km, we decided to buy new tyres, in Pakistan. wise we decided to buy smuggled even though the choice is We bought 5 new Yokohama Geolandar tires, which were (about US$70 each). But of the limited choice we had to settle for the 255x70R16 size. We have one spare wheel now, should be no problem.

Contrary to the in many (British) expedition punctures in tubeless tyres are to repair, by yourself or by a local repairshop. Almost every village has a tyre-repair-wallah with a However, when you damage a rim you may not be able to seal the bead of the tyre again. On the other tyres with tubes to be more sensitive to punctures.

a flat tyre on the road to the Pass. Pakistan .

Spare springs and shock absorber

Can be anywhere along the route, of course in the middle of the desert. If one of the springs breaks there, you have to hitch a ride to the town and back to buy the new ones, as is out of the question. A broken shock is not a serious problem, but our spares with the car and can be handy.

Back in we decided to get rid of the spare springs and In Pakistan we also fitted new shocks as part of normal

Foot operated air pump

used and very handy almost all petrol stations are very frequent along our have air pump facilities.

Our high quality Hella did not last very long and now we use a Chinese one.

20 l. and 10 l. fuel

Indispensible for emergencies, but not much yet as petrol stations are frequent, in the Baluchistan desert or in the mountains of The most difficult country for fuel is, suprisingly, Iran. In oil-rich country it is a good to have a jerrycan with by hand to prevent an embarrassing

We chose not to built in an auxiliary tank next to our 90 l standard So far we do not regret that we didn’t the huge amount of money for it. at the most rough mountain our car drives slightly more 6 kilometers per liter diesel. able to drive at least 500 km on a tank is adequate, except for may be the Furthermore, installing an auxiliary tank often means you to replace the springs also, of the added weight. However, the in an auxiliary fuel tank be partly earned back by into account that in Iran and the Middle-East is much than in for example Turkey.

Getting fuel is hardly a in Asia. This is a Shell station in Gilgit, Pakistan.


Bring a set of the good stuff. Depending on your car and the country you happen to be in, many are available (oil, fuel and air However, while very they are of questionable brand and For the LandCruiser, Turkey was a bad place to genuine filters (outside of the big in Iran we could not find any filters good or bad. In everything is available including the filters, as is in Nepal but the prices in are much higher. In India filters for our 3B engine were

Oils and fluids

Multigrade oil of reasonable to good quality grade) as well as synthetic oil is not in Iran outside the major The best we could find was CD CF grade and synthetic oil is easily in Turkey, Pakistan, India and

The same applies to other . good quality brake (DOT 3), ATF, power fluid etcetera is difficult to in Iran, so better bring own. In the other countries it is no

Note that due to the high levels (up to 2%!) in the diesel, Turkey on you have to change oil at every 5000 km or even 2500 km. Motor oil brought Western-Europe is often not designed to with high sulfur so better buy high quality oil for the local market.

As a default coolant people use only in Iran, Pakistan, etc. cheap and widely available, but problems like rust in radiator, it tends to evaporate in climate so check the level often. Antifreeze and/or additives, and pre-mixed engine is available in all countries. And as whe had to learn the way, you will need of antifreeze during wintertime in Turkey and the north of Pakistan the story and pictures in this ). Minus 10 is not uncommon and these will even freeze the low diesel of these countries mix your diesel with a 5 percent petrol.

Spare belts

Bring some for (at least the one for the fan) but if you know the these are easily bought in tiny town along the unless you have a modern drivebelt. These will be to find.

Grease gun

The easy, hands option: find the guy the corner and let him do it for a few lira/rials/rupees. The grease can be bought but the quality of the grease may

Towing ropes and tree protector

Indispensible! One that can tow times the weight of your (nine tonnes in our case) and forget the shackles ( harpen in One spare tow rope we brought can four tonnes, and doubles as rope. The tree trunk is what the name says, so one as well.

Winches and Jacks

Our winch is an emergency tool, and not yet. To us, an electric winch is of no use you drive in a group through the desert or intend to compete in or do equally demanding off-road

The small (original Toyota) the came with the vehicle to be toosmall. We bought a three hydraulic jack in Turkey is useful and works fine you put some boards underneath). For serious mechanic work a jack would be a good

Fire extinguisher

Why not? And in many (European) countries.

you ever practised with

Roof rack

We bought an one in Peshawar, Pakistan.

Some pro’s:

Our second wheel was inside the car. Now it is on top saves a lot of space.

Some not much used equipement, or the of the occasional passenger, are on top, the solar panel (which we in India).

It looks cool


Fuel consumption! We 10 to 20% extra at 100 km/h, much at 120 km/h, less at lower

Added height. Many of the beautiful roads in Pakistan are and with low overhanging rocks. 4WD cars such as the LandCruiser trouble as it is, so 20 cm higher might the difference between making it or

Added instability because of the center of gravity.

On the mountain of the Karakoram a car can’t be small

— and a roofrack adds up !


Many people ask us why we have a roof tent. The are much the same as for the roof above: increased fuel height and weight. Another is the price of these tents: a one costs at least a couple of euros second hand, euros new. Too much in our Last but not least: in many you really don’t want to be your car. You want to be to drive if something happens. For in India people can be so curious they will just the ladder and look inside tent, and friends of us also had throwing stones at them at

All this sounds scary but it really that bad: we sleep inside the car with the wide open! Nothing happened.

A Landrover is smaller a Land Cruiser, and therefore a tent makes more on the British 4WD. This is taken at Borith Lake.


We do not miss it yet. in the Sahara it would be necessary.

through deep water require special skills so we not use a snorkel for this purpose.


For sale everywhere, but you to search for the good quality (which is still cheaper in Europe though). So bring the (check if you need no. 18, our friends a Landrover needed it and it was unavailable).

We carry small repair for glasses, watches, etcetera, and other handy stuff. good glue; several of tape; a multimeter; lots of clothespins; rubber bands; a kit for (tubeless) tyres

Engine parts

Out of lack of knowledge, we did not any and did not really need any yet. If aren’t available they can be ordered (time consuming and or an Asian solution is always sometimes compromising quality.

For spare parts are available in any in the world. Also Pajero’s are common worldwide. Contrary to the believe, Landrovers are only in Europe and around the Mediterranean so bring lots of spare for your LaRo, especially breakdowns are a second nature of

After driving for almost 2 under difficult Third conditions, the only part of the that had to be replaced was the fluid of the fan. A proof of the superb of Toyota LandCruisers!

Bring if only to bury your waste when camping.

Max LandCruiser Workshop Manual

but not great. It served us fine to up things like the fluid the head gasket (broken due to the coupling) or the glow plugs, these were broken. Or to mechanics the part you want in case of language barriers. But it is too to use for repairs as a step-by-step manual it assumes a lot of mechanical knowledges. there is no overview picture of the and its components. Also it does not a lot of day-to-day maintenance in detail, how to change the oils or fluids. The Manuals are better but not available for our (3B) engine.

Air Conditioning

Who needs air-con you can open your windows and fresh air in your face? if it is almost 50C inside the car as it was driving the Iranian desert.


We don’t have one because of space and weight. Although can be very handy on long trips you don’t really one if you have some other of purifying water such as a purifier.


Expensive and consuming, but it would have a nice luxury. No more that, though, so we don’t one.

Personal Gear


A small tent we used for trekking in Pakistan.

We a lightweight CampingGaz stove. A use it only as emergency/lightweight trekking since gas cartridges are only in Gilgit and Karimabad as leftovers expeditions. You would expect available in Kathmandu, but we did not find Now we have a big 2 liter locally gasstove, which works well and is very cheap if you space in your car. and Pakistan use the same system, but for you have to buy a new one.

We miss a table as a luxury item! One rolls up to air-mattress- size be great. We are happy with our two

Heat reflecting window are very useful to keep the sunlight as well as the curious local eyes outside.

Meadow alone is worth the of bringing a small tent.

drinking water

A portable is very useful! You can’t buying those bottles of water or boil all you need. We are with the Katadyn Combi is a combined carbon/ceramic filter to away bad taste, chemicals, as as 99.99% of all bacteria and viruses. the ones smaller than 0.2 remain, but apparently these to mud and sand rather than around in your drinking and will thus be filtered out as The Combi pumps a bottle of in a few minutes. The main time work is cleaning and drying the

Another tip: bring good containers for the water as are not easy to buy (at least good containers seem to be rare). foldable but sturdy, 10 or 20 l. Test for additives of the plastic which give a terrible taste. The ones have a tap at the bottom.

We brought chlorine and silver tablets for emergencies and in Nepal we iodine to use while trekking.

of tap water

We found tap water to drink in Turkey, the Middle Iran and some places in But it is always best to ask the locals if drink it too. In Pakistan, places have special for drinking water usually wells, ask locals where to them. In India and Pakistan the served in restaurants is generally to drink, it comes from a source or it is filtered tap water. is one of the rare countries in Asia common sense about water is not part of the local even in touristic Kathmandu or Never drink anything you buy in a bottle or purify yourself, if the Nepalis do drink it. Nepal is the country where we got sick the water and/or food, and not one time. Don’t worry Delhi-belly, be afraid of the Kathmandu-loo!

Garmin E-Trex Legend GPS

A gadget but also proved to be useful. The Legend is the simplest having 8 MB memory for maps. The of the maps varies per country but in many minor roads are making navigating through areas much easier. extra’s include: A laptop with Garmin WorldMap to download all tracks from the a 12V adapter for the car; many AA size batteries .

Etrex, are we now?

At the summit of Lobuche 6000 meters above sea !

Recta Turbo 20 Compass

count too much on the GPS, the may just die! Good and compass are very useful. We the Recta Turbo 20 for use on Northern and Hemispheres.


A Casio with an air pressure altimeter memory and graphs and more a thermometer and also the usual accessories. Another nice-to-have

Short Wave Radio

Good for the homesick, or for getting news coloured by your countrymen instead of coloured by opinion. Bring a list of as well. In our opinion you need a good quality receiver to get reception everywhere in the world. And it work inside the car!


We brought one for emergencies an emergency SMS is not too expensive) but it was stolen in Cheaper still is probably to buy one in a if you are staying there for a longer

A laptop computer

The one we initially was a heavy 7-year old machine a CD, and a defect floppydrive. It worked for typing text and capturing GPS To write e-mails and update the to use the Encarta encyclopedia, the Garmin etc. we bought a second Pentium I laptop in Peshawar. If you a modern laptop with DVD you can buy and watch movies in Pakistan.

camera and video

Just a few before our departure decided to buy a camera, to capture movement and along the way. We were with our Sony apparatus, it was stolen from our hotel in Bodrum.

Toyota Spade

After one-and-a-half traveling we asked friends to a digital camera. We have studied the market and it appeared the Olympus Camedia C5050Z is the camera that came to our specifications. The big problems with digital cameras are their on electricity for charging the internal their weak construction and of them seemed to be designed for and by instead of photographers. The Olympus has the unique combination of a professional magnesium alloy body, a (F1.8) zoomlens, a clever design and it uses AA size which gives you the possibility to use alkaline batteries in case of or extreme cold.

Power for all this equipment

We are using:

A rechargable AA size NiMH

Two dozen high power AA as spares (for sale

A battery charger working on 220 V

An for the laptop, videocamera and phone

plugs for Asia

SR44 or batteries for the cameras (LR44 for locally)

The things we missed:

A 12 or 24V charger for use in the car or

A 24 to 220V inverter for inside the car

Therefore we bought a solar panel in Bangalore and asked our parents to bring a 12V to inverter from Holland. equipment is very cheap in

We are very happy with our The combination of the solar panel and the is not only useful when but also makes you independend the endless powercuts and the sometimes low voltage offered in this of the world.

Still photography

Our favourite gear goes everywhere we go, several lenses from a fish-eye to a 500mm mirror We used all of them already.

We use 64 or 25 slide film, which you to bring from home and back for development, as they are not for nor can they be developed here. is very resistant against temperatures, ageing and when the colours will last for ever, while other films tend to fade a few decades.

We buy C41 print film and E6 film along the way, print film (100 or 200 Fuji or Kodak Gold) are to get and cheap.

Traditional high cameras like the Olympus OM survive extreme cold, dust, crashes and rain, and are not dependent on batteries.

A lockable chest

We mounted an old army chest inside the car, and burglar safe. For locking up all the that you don’t want or carry around every We found it very useful, if for our own peace of mind.

Health and Aid

Personal toiletries of reputable can be easily bought everywhere for the prices as in Europe. This soap, shampoo, toothcare but not tampons.

For first aid . we have a car kit all neccessary bandages and sterile We also brought a sterile kit for emergencies. As for medicins . we did bring (an antibiotic) but it is also for sale Furthermore we only brought and an iodine desinfectant (Betadine no other medicins like or ORS salt. We did not bring any malaria nor any medicine against it. We found 50% solutions the only really bug repellent against aggressive Bring some as they sell diluted DEET

Our vaccinations were: DTP, A, Typhoid fever, Hepatitis B and fever.

High Tech stuff and personal clothing

Our preference is to buy reasonably good but not too gear. An important brand doesn’t guarantee quality and it damage during a trip this.

As for clothing: local is cheap, good as a souvenir and very comfortable (such as the qamiz in Pakistan).

Also that shorts (and sleeves for women) are not acceptable East-Turkey up to the rural areas of although local people are too polite to make remarks it.

Small gifts

Great to to nice people who helped as there are many in these countries:

Photo’s of you and your back home (also for showing people). Take of which pictures you choose: not too bare skin and not too much of Christianity. Children are very in most countries so bring of your children or your and niece.

Postcards of your

T-shirts of your country

with print on it

Keychain or with images on them

do not give pens, candy or to just any kid in the street!

This is very cheap and widely everywhere in the world, and they look at us as walking mindless Unless of course if you think it is a thing that the only these kids are learning is: one pen, one rupee!. It is amazing to that even in remote villages three-year old kids greet a Westerner with rupee.

To healthy beggars we say that they can wash our car for a amount of money. The result: in 9 only one beggar wanted to for his money!

One the road

Toyota service and

LandCruisers are not very common in . but almost all parts are available in and can be delivered in one or two days to each in the country — see our story in about the fluid coupling.

In the army and police use LandCruisers and old FJ40’s are used by ordinary However, since petrol is cheap, only FJ’s around! BJ’s, HJ’s, etc. are unknown. Also chicken with police is not a good idea: with diesel engine you will lose from the 4.5 liter 24V engine!

Also in Syria the drives FJ’s. Both in and Jordan . LandCruisers are quite vehicles. However, parts filters) seem to be difficult to in Syria and Jordan. Although we the Toyota dealers in Damascus and very good, they are not creative in shopping around for the they have not in stock. The repair shop did a great and cheap job of cleaning and servicing our pump. It’s not a lot more here than in Pakistan.

The Toyota dealer in Damascus.

equals Toyota-country! And even Peshawar with all its NGO’s and import from Afghanistan is the to shop around for cheap parts (including massive 6 engines). All type of LandCruisers and petrol and diesel, are common, typical European features a fog light) can be hard to find. parts in Pakistan cost less than half the of which you have to pay in Europe. is of good quality (much than in India) and very, cheap.

India has severe restrictions and therefore only a made Toyota spacewagon Qualis) is available. This has the 2L (2.4 liter) diesel An oil filter and fuel filter for our 3B was available in Toyota Goa. The of work is low due to the social system: a will just do what his tells him to do. With our vehicle an oil change gave a problem: put 2 liters to much in the engine and check! Maybe in Delhi or you will find a dealer who is with LandCruisers.

In Nepal are common again. Many drive around in fancy wagons. However, don’t that these vehicles ever leave Kathmandu At the Toyota service in Kathmandu had no idea how to prepare a vehicle for into the mountains! Parts are not cheap since import is The quality of work is good, but in it took 3 days to perform an check-up which took 3 in Quetta (Pakistan).

In general: check your vehicle leaving the repairshop! Did they put in the oil? Are the oil levels OK? Is nothing or dented, especially in the engine In Iran not checking our vehicle in a destroyed power steering a mechanic had bent a tube sitting in the engine bay.

In workshops, mechanics like to sit in the bay.

Some locations of repair shops that we visited:

Toyota Spade

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