The History of Toyota MR-S

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Toyota MR 2 II

The History Of Toyota MR-S

MR2 here. For the second game in the Rancher series, see Monster 2.

The Toyota MR2 is a two-seat, mid-engined, wheel drive sports car by Toyota from 1984 July 2007 when stopped in Japan, in three design series. The latest was called the Toyota MR-S in the Toyota MR2 Spyder in the United and the Toyota MR2 Roadster in Europe. to the United States ended in needed]

Some car historians that the MR2 was Lotus-designed. This is a to the Lotus M90 (a.k.a. the X100) but this was scrapped after a prototype was built. This the same engine and gearbox as the At the time, Toyota, along the Chapman family was a major holder in Lotus, but General later acquired majority Lotus Engineering, a prolific company forming part of Lotus but separate from Cars, were heavily in the designing the 4AG series Toyota (in the first MR2s) and the ZZ series in modern Toyotas. However, the suspension and handling were by Toyota with the help of engineer Roger Becker.

The life began in 1976 Toyota launched a design with the goal of producing a car would be enjoyable to drive, yet provide decent fuel Initially, the purpose of the project was not a car. The actual designwork in 1979 when Akio from Toyota’s testing started to evaluate different for engine placement and drive It was finally decided to place the transversely in the middle of the car. The was the first prototype in 1981, the SA-X. From its base the car began evolving into an sports car, and further were tested intensely in Japan and in California. A significant of testing was performed on actual circuits such as Willow where former Formula One Dan Gurney tested the car.

made its SV-3 concept car in the autumn of 1983 at the Tokyo Show, gathering a huge of publicity both from the and the audience. The car, scheduled to be in spring 1984 in the Japanese under the name MR2, stands for Midship Runabout and also refers to the vehicle’s rear-drive configuration, was to become the mass-produced mid-engined car to come a Japanese manufacturer.

The small and MR2 (pronounced em-are-too), code AW11, was something no one had expected Toyota, known for their and practical cars. The two-seat MR2 was not practical as a family car, but the criteria were different that of most previous Cars with a similar and the same concept were the Beta Montecarlo, Fiat X 1/9 and the Lancia Stratos, all produced in the The most important features of the were its light body (as low as lb (998kg) in Japan and 2,350 lb in the US), superior handling and powered, small-displacement engine. cooperation with Lotus the prototype phase can be seen in the and it owes much to Lotus’s sports cars of the 1960s and

As a powerplant, Toyota chose to use the 1587cc I4 engine with two camshafts which allowed the use of 16 for a better gas flow through the chamber. The engine was also with DENSO electronic fuel injection and a variable geometry (T-VIS), giving the a maximum power output of (95kW). US engines were at 112hp (84kW), European at 124hp (93kW), Australian at 118hp (88kW) and Japanese at 130hp (97kW). The engine had been introduced earlier on the AE86, gathering a lot of positive There was also a JDM model which used the more 1452cc 3A-U engine, but it gain too much popularity. versions were also with automatic climate

For the 1986 model year, the went through several which affected both its and performance. The most important was probably having the option of a t-top, not available in the US and Europe the next model year. The was modified by color-keying the bumpers and stripes and adding small skirts. Other new options a leather interior and a four-speed transmission. Some further were made to the exterior for such as new tail lights and but more notable were the of larger brakes and a heavier and C52 transmission which replaced the C50. The significance of the introduction of newer transmission is readily today, as the C50 is known to develop a gear popout problem as it

Also noteworthy is the lack of a anti-sway bar after 1985 the 1989 supercharged model was with one again). Models the rear bar are considered more to those who enjoy racing. reportedly continued manufacturing towers with the proper sway bar mounting tabs well into the 1986 and 1987 model years, but no numbers or cut-off dates are

In 1987 (1988 for the US market), introduced a supercharged engine for the Based on the same block and the 4A-GZE was equipped with a SC-12 roots-type supercharger and top mount intercooler. The compression valve timing and ports modified. The engine produced a power of 145hp (108kW) and the small car from 0 to 100km/h (0 to 62 in 6.7 to 7.0s. In addition to the new engine, the MR2 SC was equipped with stiffer bars and reinforcements in the bodyshell to rigidity. Unfortunately, this was never sold in European although some cars privately imported.

The press the AW11 with open and praised its innovation, great and responsive engine. American car Road Track and Car and Driver chose the AW11 on their of ten best cars which some tough competition, as the Ferrari Testarossa. The Australian magazine chose the 1988 as its favourite sports car. The MR2 was Trend’s Import Car of the Year for In 2004, Sports Car International the MR2 number eight on the list of Top Cars of the 1980s. The MR2 was on Car and Driver Ten Best list for 1986 and This vehicle was often to as a Pocket Rocket. Silver were often called The Bullet.

In January 1989 produced a final run of fully AW11’s with the name Edition.[citation needed] The ‘Super included all the extras of the G-Limited along with extra including MOMO commissioned wheel and gear knob, brand ‘Milano’ Seats matching door panels and paint (Midnight Blue) with revised decals EDITION replacing SUPER needed] The cars also electric retracting mirrors and modified rear light needed]

Only 270 Super MK1s where made production ceased in December to make way for the new revised model ‘MK2’).[citation needed] The Super were intended for the Japanese Market only, but may have their way to enthusiasts in other such as the UK.[citation needed]


The MR2 went through a complete in 1989, when the new Mark II was produced. No 1990 MR2s produced for North America. The new designated SW20 (in America the codes were SW22 for the model and SW21 for the naturally-aspirated was longer, wider and heavier its predecessor and had smoother bodylines. the AW11 was a pure sports made in the spirit of Lotus, the being quite larger, be classed as a GT-car. Since the between the Ferrari 348tb and the F355 and the new MR2 was quite striking, the is sometimes referred to as a poor Ferrari; many enthusiastic MR2 have turned around the to read a Ferrari is a rich MR2. Indeed, many became available to make the imitate the Ferrari F355 sometimes, almost indistinguishable

When the SW20 went on in spring 1989, it was offered three different engine depending on the market area. All were 1998cc I4 engines DOHC and 16 valves, excluding the US model which used the 5S-FE engine. The most engine was the turbocharged 3S-GTE, was available in Japan at 225PS (as the MR2 GT) and the USA at 200horsepower (150kW) (as the MR2 Turbo). had to settle for the naturally-aspirated 156horsepower 3S-GE or the 118horsepower (88kW) engine. The Japanese MR2 GT model was to accelerate from 0-100km/h in 5.6 s.

with the unique styling of the MK-I, the MK-II was offered several choices of roof for U.S. sale. Standard in the up was a hardtop coupé. Optionally the car be ordered with either a roof (commonly referred to as the option) or a moon roof The SW20’s entry to the market was not as smooth as the AW11’s. The vehicles proved difficult for inexperienced as it was prone to sudden oversteer called snap oversteer) can result in a spin unless the reacts both quickly and This trait was not considered among the press, because the unlike expensive sports was priced so that even people were able to buy Some magazines stated the SW20 was downright dangerous to

To respond to the feedback they had Toyota changed the 1993 to include wider rear and changed the rear suspension, so the car would be less prone to oversteer.

The next big change in late 1993, when SW20s received some new engine mods for each A slightly smaller CT20b replaced the CT26 unit, the CT20b provided better and allowed an increase in power. The market 3S-GE was upgraded to (178hp/132kW), and 3S-GTE upgraded to (242hp/180kW). New round tail-lights and a center panel replaced the old lights and the rear grille. The three-piece rear spoiler was with the lighter one-piece which attached only to the The side stripes and skirts also color coded, and the dot edge pattern on the glass was with a solid pattern. The wheel was also replaced a slightly smaller model, now shared across many models (the MR2 insignia was with the Toyota symbol). was the last year Toyota the Mk II in North America. In 1996, the and side signals were to use a clear lens but no other were made. The 1998 known as the Revision 5 model, with more modern five spoke 15 alloy a more aggressive spoiler, and a shift knob with red While the turbocharged engine the same, in JDM models the normally 3S-GE engine was equipped Toyota’s VVT-i system allowed the timing of the intake to be modified according to the engine’s speed and load.

The SW20 has become a popular car since the 2004 Ultimate Car Challenge win of Brad Bedell and his V6 supercharged MR2. The 1MZ-FE that comes from the V6 Solara and Camry, has quickly a popular modification as the expense of to the V6 motor is roughly in line installing a turbocharged motor a formerly naturally aspirated

SW20 TRD2000GT

In 1998, Racing Development offered an kit body conversion and tuning for MR2 owners to transform their SW20 MR2 into a widebody kit replica car. This was to pay to the wins by their TRD2000GTs in the Japanese racing series, the racing series cars based on the SW20 floorpan. also did the same with Supra Twin Turbo offering a conversion service to these cars into a

In order to ensure exclusivity, a price tag was charged and total of 35 factory car conversions were by Toyota Technocraft Ltd. official Technocraft car converted was using lightweight fibreglass (in place of heavy steel parts: front fenders, lid extension, rear quarter gas door, front and rear 3-piece wing) and re-classified as new cars (with their own numbered TRD VIN plate riveted to the to indicate their authenticity and

The Toyota Technocraft Ltd. had a 60mm (2.4in) wider and rear track (due to the of wider wheels and tires) improved handling considerably the original equipment. Virtually car converted also had other TRD fitted too including extensive to both the suspension and engine. cars left the factory more power due to TRD bolt-ons, cars even left the boasting up to 500PS (493hp/368kW) and than 1100kg (2425lb) for a impressive power to weight While TRD Japan only a small number of kits all body parts required for conversion, Toyota Technocraft offered complete car conversions.

3 complete Toyota Technocraft cars are known to have shipped into Europe only 10 complete cars to TRD USA for the entire American market. makes these officially Toyota Technocraft Ltd. the rarest of all MR2s and ultimately the sought after and difficult to It is unknown how many original Technocraft Ltd. cars exist today, but it is known a small number of conversion were imported from TRD into the US for USDM Conversions. Now are officially no more TRD 2000GT kits sold on the TRD USA website, so one may be difficult (The alternative to kit is said to be the TD3000 bodykit by Dimensions). In many respects the body can be compared to that of a Turbo widebody. The car track is extended and body dimensions changing the cars overall giving the car a supercar look, and better handling and weight Very little is known these cars outside of

SARD MC8-R

Constructors’ 0 Drivers’ Championships 0

The Sard was a modified and lengthened version of the built for GT racing by Toyota’s team SARD (Sigma Research Development). The MC8-R a twin turbo version of the V8 giving out 600bhp. Eligible for the GT1 the MC8-R lacked pace the new generation sports cars and specials such as Porsche 911 but did compete alongside a similarly Toyota Supra. Later year the car attempted the 1000km this time managing to The MC8-R made its first in the 1995 24 Hours of Le Mans it retired after 14 laps. It at Le Mans the following year, 24th, the second last of cars that were running. The car would attempt the only for it not to make it past stage. Two cars were in the FIA GT Championship round at the 1000km but neither car managed to finish. It was for the following year with the

One MC8 road car was built in order to homologation requirements, but its current are unknown.

After having in the market for almost ten years, the had to move aside as Toyota the new MR2, designated ZZW30. The new MR2 was in with Toyotas latest of making more economical The Toyota Supra was scrapped and the MR2 received the same fate. The car a complete makeover compared to the two models. One of the biggest changes was the of the solid, T-Top, and sunroof with a true convertible top, giving the car the ‘Spyder’ Due to a new car design rule from SAE Society of Automotive Engineers), the headlights as seen on SW20 had to be

Many claim that car was inspired by Porsche Boxster was released in 1996, due to its similar However, the first prototype of appeared in 1997 at Tokyo which had slightly more and rigid appearance than the production model. The production includes additional curves for a aerodynamic and appealing look. The MR2 chief engineer Harunori once said First, we true driver enjoyment, good movement, low inertia and weight. Then, a long to achieve high stability and new styling; a mid-engine design to excellent handling and steering the weight of the engine up front; a structure as simple as possible to for easy customizing, and low cost to the

In Japan, the car is called the MR-S, purportedly is derived from the designation. Toyota changed the name to MR2 Spyder reportedly the idea of a car with the nickname of would sound funny. In of this effort, the car is referred to as the Mr. 2 by enthusiasts. The 1999 MR2 Spyder was an of Toyota Project Genesis, a effort to bring younger to the marque in the United States.

The of the ZZW30 was the brand-new all-aluminium a 1794cc I4. Like its predecessors, the used dual overhead and 16 valves. The intake camshaft was adjustable via the VVT-i system, was introduced earlier on the 1998 Unlike its predecessors, however, the was placed onto the car the other way making the exhaust manifold towards the rear of the car. The (104kW) maximum power was a drop from the SW20 GT, but to the lightness of the car it could still quite quickly, accelerating 0 to 100km/h in 7.5 to 8.3s depending on the option, the Sequential Manual unable to launch and shift as as the clutch operated manual. The car weighs 975kg (2150lbs) the 5 speed manual or 997kg with the SMT, making model MR2 the lightest of the MR2 series. In to the 5-speed manual transmission, a or 6-speed Sequential Manual (SMT) controllable from 2 of buttons on the steering wheel was available. SMT is standard feature in market; however, air conditioning was After 2003, a 6-speed SMT was an

Introduction configuration and model changes

The MR-S was originally introduced in 1999 to the Japanese consumer in three distinct trim — the B, the Standard, and the S. The S trim included power windows, mirrors, AM/FM/CD radio, seats, tilt steering and alloy wheels.

Toyota MR 2 II

In March the car was introduced into the United and Europe as a monospec level, included the same features as S trim level.

For model 2002, technology took stage as a unique new transmission available. Working without a clutch, the optional sequential gearbox had no conventional H pattern lever. Gears could be by moving a floor lever to upshift, or back to downshift. Or, the could use a pair of steering-wheel to accomplish the same task. No capability was provided, and no automatic was ever available for the MR2 Spyder.

For year 2003, the ZZW30 some exterior changes, two new paint colors (Silver Mica and Paradise Blue while Liquid Silver was retired), front and rear including headlight and taillight standard foglights, a power and the air intakes matched the paint of the car. The rear wheels increased to 16 diameter with 215mm width tires, the front ones remained at 15 and tread width. Interior included new seats, redesigned faces, and chrome trim around the tweeters and HVAC For those models equipped the SMT, the ECM (Engine Control received an upgrade which a quicker gear change to the 2002 model. The suspension was with new springs and shock and a brace was added to the bottom of the car to rigidity.

For model year the body was structurally strengthened, 10kg to the vehicle’s weight and a differential became available the factory as an option. Also, two leather models became the Silver Streak Mica red top and red leather, and the Absolutely Red with tan top and tan

For model year 2005, a AM/FM/CD audio unit standard in the US. Some pre-2005 have replaced their with those found in which also added MP3

Performance and handling

The feedback for the new was somewhat mixed — liked its all new design concept, the fans of the SW20 would’ve it to continue along the path of the model. All agreed, however, the ZZW30 had nearly perfect The ZZW30 is considered to be the best-handling For example, Tiff Needell, a experienced race driver and the host of the BBC TV show Top Gear, the handling of the ZZW30. Although complained of the relative lack of the vehicle had, many have recently discovered a way to out the 1ZZ-FE engine in exchange for the 2ZZ-GE. This drastically up the accelerating properties of the ZZW30. a comparison test during a motorsports show, NA vs. Turbo, the Spirits ZZW30, outdrove more powerful cars. the driver of the ZZW30, Manabu allowed the other vehicles (a higher powered S15 Silvia, S14 and Amuse S2000) to catch up (in an to demonstrate the difference between NA and and ended in the ZZW30 losing to the powered S15 Silvia. Although it the ZZW30 proved the top-class abilities of the ZZW30. On race a stock ZZW30 has a superior around the corners but lacks in the straights.

The Techno Pro Spirit was also the first car to be able to Tsuchiya’s champion AE86 in its own the touge.

Another effective and typical to the MR-S is the addition of a turbocharger. companies such as Power Top Secret, Tom’s, TTE, Racing and Hass supply bolt-on kits for the MR-S. simple addon can easily the car to 200bhp+, at only a low boost of In a video by BMI, Tom’s MR-S came only a second behind the Techno 2zz at the touge. However, there is no that the MR-S in turbo would easily outrun the 2zz in the straights.

In the JGTC/Super GT GT300 a Reckless MR-S driven by Sasaki and Tetsuya Yamano won the championship. Previously in 2002, Nitta and Shinichi Takagis’ Toyota MR-S also won the The MR-S served in the series for a time until 2008, apr, the last team MR-S, decided to switch car in the following season (which switched to Coralla Axio).

The end of the

In July 2004, Toyota that sales of the MR2 (as well as the would be discontinued in the US at the end of the 2005 year because of increasing and lack of sales. The ZZW30 7,233 units in its debut falling to just 121 for the 2005 for a total of 23,868 through its six of production in the US. The 2005 model was the last for the MR2 in the US.

Europe’s V Edition

the MR2 Spyder was not sold after in the United States, it was offered in Mexico, and Europe until 2007. As a farewell to the MR2, produced 1000 limited-edition V MR-S cars for those markets. They are distinguished by wheels, titanium interior certain slightly modified panels, a helical limited and different steering wheel

Also for model year the United Kingdom received 300 models in a special numbered series. A special 182 bhp turbocharged called the TTE Turbo (TTE for Toyota Team Europe) was as a dealer-installed package. This was also available for fitting to MkIII MR2’s.

Production of the car permanently in January 2007.

For two the MR2 has been popular among around the world, offering an way to experience handling of a mid-engine car. Toyota is cutting its selection of sports cars and them with less sports packages offered on more sedate cars. had hoped that Toyota continue MR2 production because the along the price-axis to the next (Porsche Boxster, Lotus and Exige) is so large that enthusiasts would have to for a front-engined car, should the MR2 be There was speculation that the model could be a hybrid However, the MR2 was discontinued after the model year. Sightings of testing a heavily disguised roadster led some car magazines to that a new MR2 was in the works. It appears Toyota has cancelled any plans of the MR2 or Celica.[citation needed]

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