Toyota RAV4 EV — Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

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Toyota RAV4 EV

The first was leased from 1997 to and at the lessees’ request, many were sold after the was discontinued. [ 1 ] A total of 1,484 leased and/or sold in to meet the state’s mandate for vehicle. [ 2 ] As of mid-2012, there almost 500 units still in [ 3 ]

First generation [ edit ]

lb (1,560 kg) [ 9 ]

The first fleet of the RAV4 EV became available on a basis in 1997. In 2001 it was for businesses, cities or utilities to one or two of these cars. Toyota actually sold or leased 328 EVs to the general public in 2003, at time the program was terminated waiting lists of prospective

The RAV4 EV closely resembles the internal combustion engine version — without a — and has a governed top speed of 78 mph (

126 km/h) with an EPA rated of 95 mi (153 km). [ 8 ] The 95 amp-hour battery pack has a capacity of 27 charges inductively and has proven to be durable. Some RAV4 EVs been driven more 150,000 miles (240,000 km) the original battery pack. It was one of the few vehicles with a single automatic transmission when to the market.

Beyond the unusual train (batteries, controller and the remaining systems in the RAV4 EV are to the gasoline-powered RAV4. The power power steering. air conditioning. wear and suspension components are except that they use power sources. The power use an electric pump to provide instead of deriving vacuum the engine manifold. The power and air conditioning systems use electric instead of mechanical energy by fan belts. The passenger compartment is electrically.

Performance [ edit ]

The RAV4 EV has a top speed of 78 miles per hour km/h), a tested 0-60 of around 18 seconds (depending on on the batteries). Its EPA rated driving is 95 miles (153 km) with an EPA fuel economy rating of 43 mi (equivalent to 78 MPGe ). [ 8 ] Actual economy and range depends on the factors as a traditional gasoline-powered including rolling resistance and speed (aerodynamic drag ).

The EV battery pack uses 24 95Ah NiMH batteries of storing 27.4 kWh of energy.

[ edit ]

The RAV4 EV’s can be recharged from being depleted to fully charged in five hours, and are monitored a passive battery balancing Electricity is supplied via a Magne inductive charging paddle [ 10 ] a wall-mounted 6000-Watt charging on a 220 volt, 30 amp, North clothes dryer-type plug. earlier RAV4 EV prototypes charged via a front fender charger coupling made by Corporation.

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Mileage costs [ edit ]

a RAV4 EV from full-dead to uses approximately 30 kW·h of the excess above the battery capacity is used by the charging As of May 2006 [update] at a rate of per kilowatt-hour, this costs US$2.70 using. As of May 2008, on a gasoline price-per-gallon cost of and up and the non-EV 2003 RAV4 gasoline fuel efficiency of 27 mpg -US L/100 km; 32 mpg -imp ), the RAV4 EV approximately 20% as much on a per mile and makes mileage in the RAV4 EV the equivalent to a 111.1 mpg -US (2.117 km; 133.4 mpg -imp ) small

In addition, the RAV4 EV has a charge built into the dashboard enables the vehicle to start at a specific time. As the RAV4 EV becomes the main cost of in an average-sized home, this the owner to use a Time-Of-Day Meter to electricity costs. This is a standard practice with EV owners. The price of electricity at depends on the carrier, but is usually in the of 60% of the normal rate. In the use of charging the EV, this equates to a cheaper roughly equivalent to a vehicle of 166.6 mpg -US (1.412 L/100 km; mpg -imp ), based on a price of per gallon.

The United States Protection Agency listed ratings for the RAV4 EV in its yearly Economy Guide from through 2003. The 2003 recorded fuel efficiency of 39 mi city, 49 kW·h/100 mi highway; the mileage rating was equivalent to 125 mpg -US L/100 km; 150 mpg -imp ), and 100 mpg -US (2.4 km; 120 mpg -imp ) on the highway. [ 11 ] The EPA rated mileage was 112 mpg -US (2.10 L/100 km; 135 mpg ).

In 2007, the EPA updated its rating and revised the ratings to a city of 87 mpg -US (2.7 L/100 km; 104 mpg -imp ), equivalent of 69 mpg -US (3.4 L/100 km; 83 mpg ), and a combined equivalent of 78 mpg -US (3.0 km; 94 mpg -imp ). [ 8 ]

Consumable items [ ]

The RAV4 EV’s battery is a consumable item. Toyota that battery pack costs are currently higher the value of the used vehicle. [ 12 ] tested the RAV4 EV in Japan for miles (480,000 km) over two before introducing the vehicle in the States. The economies of scale are the replacement cost of the RAV4 EV.

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