Toyota Corolla EU-Version (2014)

29 Янв 2015 | Author: | No comments yet »
Toyota i-unit

Toyota Corolla EU-Version

The Corolla is the world’s best-selling To date, 40 million Corollas been sold worldwide the first generation was launched in 47 years ago.

With the of the new Corolla — the 11th — it is now manufactured in 16 production and sold in over 150 countries the world.

Shinichi Yasui, the Engineer, believes this has been achieved because successive development team has the philosophy set forth by Tatsuo Chief Engineer of the first model, to develop a Corolla brings happiness and well-being to around the world.

With new generation, the Corolla has adopted new and technologies, and in its history with the Corolla has taken the role of in the motorisation of Japan and the rest of the

However Toyota Corolla now a wider role and achieving success requires careful of the diverse and ever-changing motoring and expectations of different regions of the Therefore, in-depth analysis and the of customer feedback have integral to the development of the new Corolla. is a key part of Toyota’s standard

As a result, the company has built on the behind the creation of the first Corolla -a car of superior quality, and reliability (QDR) that customer expectations in every throughout the world- with a to now exceed those expectations in key area highlighted by their

2014 Toyota Corolla

The result is the new, 11th Corolla — a car that inherits 47 years of Corolla but has been created to satisfy a range of global customer It features an advanced, more design; improved roominess, practicality and user-friendliness; unrivalled economy, improved driving and enhanced safety features.

all, the new Corolla builds on the legendary QDR with significantly quality in every aspect of its and engineering, whilst still impressive value for money in market around the world.

DESIGN

The 11th generation features an all-new exterior Highlighting the longer wheel and reduced overall height, the combines clean lines and proportions to give the new Corolla a sophisticated look with a and contemporary image.

At 4,620 mm 1,775 mm wide and 1,465 mm the new Toyota is 80 mm longer and 15mm yet 5 mm lower, than its predecessor . The overhang has been reduced by 25 mm, the overhang increased by 5 mm and the wheelbase by a substantial 100 mm.

The new Corolla features an of Toyota’s new design language.

The Look and Under Priority principles have been with the emphasis now placed on the grille for a distinctive, but more appearance.

The chrome-plated horizontal bars of the upper grille are extended into narrower, expressive headlamp clusters to the width of the vehicle.

Equipped a halogen low beam lamp for visibility, the new headlamps now incorporate Daytime Running Lights strengthening the Keen Look of the new front treatment and giving the new greater road presence and a visual signature.

The two uppermost of the upper grille and the headlamp extend along the curve of the low lip deep into the front to emphasise the elegance of a unique, edge bonnet design of sharp angles.

The trapezoidal of the lower grille is defined by lines which run up through the to define the junction of headlamp and grille before flowing across the bonnet and into the A

The design is further enhanced by the Look detailing of integral housings with chromed placed at the bumper extremities. The ‘aero corner’ styling of the fenders not only improves the new aerodynamic efficiency, but also the new Toyota a wider, more stance and a more ground-hugging

In profile, the front and rear clusters anchor the clean of ‘aero corner’ fender which emphasise the Corolla’s front and rear overhangs. in conjunction with a long and muscular front and rear arches, creates a silhouette emphasises the new Toyota’s dynamic and elegant proportions.

The vehicle’s is further enhanced by a character linking the top of the front wheel and the rear lamp cluster, and a of 15 and 16 wheel designs.

To the rear, the form of Toyota’s Under design language is mirrored by the plate recession extremities and bumper styling. The crisp of the boot lip is underscored by wide new lamp clusters connected by a license plate trim for a more prestige appearance.

the premium build quality of the new is highlighted by the minimal panel befitting a luxury vehicle. The gap fender and front door has reduced from 4.0 mm to just 3.9 mm, front and rear doors 4.5 mm to 4.2 mm, and between rear door and panel from 4.0 mm to 3.9 mm. The width of the line between the bonnet and fender has been reduced 5.4 mm to only 4.5 mm.

The new Corolla will be available in a of 9 exterior colours, of which -White Pearl, Avant-Garde Dark Blue and Dark are new to the model range.

The new Corolla has designed to achieve minimum of drag, contributing not only to cabin quietness, but also in both fuel consumption and CO2

The lowest possible bonnet a steeply raked windscreen and roofline combined to smooth the of air over the vehicle.

The optimised shape of the front foglamp and the sharp near-vertical surface of the front and rear bumper combine to reduce air turbulence the flanks of the vehicle and over the arches.

Based on advanced 1 technology sakana aero fins located on the door and rear combination lamps, the airflow along the body, vehicle stability and control.

aerodynamics are substantially improved the adoption of a front spoiler and covers designed to create a underbody, optimising the flow of air the new Corolla. They include a engine undercover, front member covers, front and wheel spats, floor a fuel tank side and a rear floor undercover sakana aero-stabilising fins to high speed stability.

In the comprehensive measures have a significant improvement in aerodynamic and the new Toyota Corolla’s drag has been reduced from Cd to just Cd 0.27.

INTERIOR

Benefitting from a 100 mm increase in length from 2,600 mm to mm, the all-new, high quality design offers customers a cabin environment. It features a spacious and comfortable cabin a substantial increase in rear legroom, more comfortable and a greater boot capacity.

The position has been comprehensively The seat height adjustment has been extended by 15 mm to 60 mm, and the slide range expanded by 20 mm to 260 mm. The front hip point has been moved by 5 mm. The operating force required for the slide, lift and recline has also been reduced for of operability.

In conjunction with a in seat height of 10 mm, the steering angle has been lowered 24 to 22 degrees. In combination, these offer drivers greater flexibility for improved comfort.

the rear passenger room has made more spacious and the rear seat hip point back by 70 mm, increasing the front to seat couple distance by 75 mm. to a new, thinner front design, this has increased seat leg room by 92 mm, to a class-leading 706 mm.

The themselves have been and feature a longer cushion an ergonomically curved front offering comfort to the widest range of physiques. New, seatbacks proved superior and lateral support, whilst the have been shaped to comfort with excellent protection.

Despite a 25 mm reduction in the new rear overhang, the boot has also increased to 452 litres.

The new is not only more spacious and but also quieter than its and the interior has been designed to customers class-leading quietness.

The area of the dashboard silencer has increased and extra sound material added between the and fender liner minimising the of engine noise into the


Floor silencer material excellent sound absorption particularly in the area of the front And the comprehensive use of body sealer at metal junctions further the cabin from the intrusion of noise.

Quality, Functionality and Excellence

The all-new interior combines clean, elegant, styling with trim and to reinforce the spaciousness of the new Corolla’s more comfortable interior.

The of the cabin is reinforced by the strong of the new dashboard design. Topped by a non-reflective upper surface flows seamlessly over the instrument binnacle, the dashboard combines convex, soft-touch with a concave centre panel finished in piano

The robust, uncluttered clarity of the new is further emphasised by a full-width accent bar which separates the into upper and lower and continues across the top of the door enveloping the cabin and emphasising the of the seating area. New, front door grips are in the same high gloss

The soft instrument panel and high-gloss piano black are complimented by silver trim and clear blue instrument, box and ambient cabin lighting to a premium quality feel to the

A choice of two premium colours, or black, completes the new interior scheme. The new Corolla will be in a choice of three grades; (entry), Active (mid) and Lounge (high). A grade-dependent of fabric or fabric and leather upholstery and on Active and Lounge also double stitch are available.

The large, easy-to-read instrument binnacle may be equipped a choice of two, grade-dependent designs. Active and Live models are equipped with a gauge design. The large speedometer dial incorporates a computer. Top-of-the-range Lounge models feature a two gauge with a central, TFT multi-information screen. Active and Lounge gauges are accented with rings.

In keeping with the new Corolla’s driving position, the ergonomic and easy, intuitive operability of all and instrumentation has been carefully

All driving-related instrumentation and switchgear has separated into an upper, zone and a lower, operation to maximise ease of use and minimise distraction from the road. And the and navigation system controls been located higher on the console for greater accessibility and

A new, 373 mm diameter steering with optional paddle incorporates a comprehensive array of switches for the operation of the audio, free telephone, cruise adjustable speed limiting and display system.

The operational of the pedals and shift lever has refined. The pedals have positioned to help prevent operation, and the stroke and firmness of the lever have been for a smoother shift feel.

The and usability of the new Corolla’s comprehensive of storage spaces have improved. They include a box, coin box and lidded in the dashboard, a centre console box and cup overhead sunglasses storage, door pockets designed to a 1.5 litre bottle or a road map and door pocket space for a 0.5 bottle.

Bootspace functionality has improved through the addition of an operation opening switch the boot lip and easier, cleaner through the addition of a handle on the underside of the boot lid.

On-board Technology

The quality and ergonomics of the new Corolla interior are by a range of comfort and convenience-enhancing such as Smart Entry system, dual-zone air conditioning and the Intelligent Park Assist system.

Advanced human-machine technology is represented by the latest of Toyota’s unique range of touch-screen multimedia equipment; Touch 2 and the Toyota Touch 2 Go navigation system.

Smart Start system is available via a foldable key fob design featuring a layout with larger And Follow-Me-Home headlamps will remain illuminated for 30 seconds the vehicle has been switched off and

The new Corolla may be equipped with air conditioning, giving independent and right cabin temperature to enhance cooling and warming whilst reducing power

The system features a clean air a partial recirculation system automatically recirculates a certain of air in the cabin to enhance heating even in Fresh mode, and a customisation function which users to select Soft, or Fast blower strength in Auto mode.

Multimedia

The New Corolla benefits from unique range of affordable, multimedia equipment; Toyota 2 and the Toyota Touch 2 with Go system.

Toyota Touch 2

Touch 2 is a 6.1 inch, full touch-screen interface which a new approach to affordable, on-board systems.

The upgraded Toyota 2 features a 800 x 480 resolution WVGA The screen design has been for clarity, and now features mirror mobile phone compatibility and operation for ease of use.

Now in 20 languages, the Toyota Touch 2 is equipped with an upgraded base unit with the of an SMS on-screen send/receive function a contact person image

The system incorporates AM/FM a CD/MP3 player, Bluetooth phone connectivity with a streaming facility, and a USB port for the of portable music players, the facility to display iPod cover art. A rear camera is fitted as standard.

Touch 2 with Go

Toyota 2 with Go builds on the Toyota 2 multimedia base unit, customers an enhanced, full map system representing the best for money on the market. The system was in Europe, with European in mind.

It includes all the most navigation functions, such as traffic coverage, customisable limits, speed camera motorway signposting, automatic and junction view at motorway

Using a compatible mobile via Bluetooth, the system offers connectivity to Google Places largest and most up-to-date database in the world. Via Google destinations may be input remotely home or office, and Points of may be downloaded for entry as destinations.

The Toyota Touch 2 with Go further features a new map screen improved navigation data, voice guidance, traffic an SOS/emergency call assistance and access to the on-line Toyota portal.

Further system to online content and apps a Touch 2 with Go Apps which offers several available for download, including prices, weather and parking information. A new Twitter App has been to allow Toyota owners to in touch with the 500 million users over the course of journey.

Users can tweet a of both personal and system templates whilst driving text input and URL links are for safety reasons). Because the App is integrated into the navigation the templates can include destination and ETA

Toyota Touch 2 with Go has designed specifically to be both and flexible. The system can be easily with the newest functions, maps and the latest Apps, as become available.

Simple Park Assist (SIPA)

The new may also be equipped with a Intelligent Park Assist system.

Activated by a simple of a button, the system uses a camera and ultrasonic sensors on the side-bumper to identify viable parking spaces. It will automatically apply the correct of steering angles for the parking into the target space; all the need do is control the vehicle’s

FUEL EFFICIENT PETROL AND POWERTRAINS

The new Corolla delivers emissions and class-leading fuel across the entire engine offering customers attractive benefits.

The line-up features a of a 1.4 litre D-4D turbodiesel and petrol engines; a 1.33 Dual VVT-i unit, a 1.6 engine available with VVT-i and Valvematic systems, and a new 1.8 Dual VVT-i.

The 1.8 litre VVT-i petrol engine is as standard, with a new, gear, high efficiency S automatic transmission. All other in the line-up are fitted with manual transmissions. The 1.4 D-4D may also be mated to Toyota’s automated manual transmission, and 1.6 litre petrol engine may be equipped with the new Multimode S gearbox.

A selection of engines the performance- and economy-enhancing benefits of Optimal Drive, and every meets emissions standards up to 5+. Moreover, several key features contribute both to lower and the new Corolla’s status as the most efficient vehicle in its segment

As described in the Design chapter, a aerodynamics package equips the new with a drag coefficient of Cd 0.27. In addition, the new Toyota range benefits from a in vehicle weight, the adoption of Low RRC Resistance Coefficient) tyres, the of Valvematic technology, the replacement of the four-speed automatic transmission a new Multidrive S automatic gearbox, and the of both an Eco driving mode and a Start system.

Toyota Drive

Toyota Optimal showcases a combination of wide-ranging technologies and internal improvement designed to optimise the balance of and driving enjoyment with economy and low emissions.

These core technologies focus on key aspects of powertrain development:

the reduction of powertrain weight the use of lightweight and highly compact components and transmissions throughout the new engine range.

Secondly, the of pumping losses through the of Valvematic -a further development of -in the 1.6 petrol engine, roller technology and smaller, lighter in the petrol engines, low viscosity six-speed manual transmissions and a new S automatic gearbox.

Thirdly, the of combustion efficiency. This has achieved within the new Corolla engine range through the use of ratios of 11.5:1, Valvematic, the of intake port and combustion design, and piston cooling by oil The 1.4 litre D-4D diesel benefits from an optimised chamber dimensions and enhanced Gas Recirculation (EGR) cooler

1.33l Dual VVT-i Engine

The 1.33 litre engine is equipped with Variable Valve Timing-intelligent VVT-i) and a high compression of 11.5:1, which increases the efficiency of the engine. It generates 73 kW/ 99 DIN hp and torque of 128 Nm at 3,800 rpm.

to a six-speed manual transmission, excellent dynamic performance is with fuel consumption of 5.6 l/100 km and CO2 emissions lowered 136 to only 129 g/km.

Profiting Toyota’s extensive motorsport the small bore, long unit is exceptionally lightweight and improving the vehicle’s power-to-weight It features a resin-type cylinder cover and intake manifold, and the channel has been streamlined to airflow for improved combustion

Dual VVT-i helps response levels across the rev range by varying the air-fuel and exhaust valve timing to the conditions at any given time. In to improving torque at low and medium speeds, the system also emissions and enhances fuel

1.6l Dual VVT-i Engine

Available with a six-speed manual or new Multidrive S transmission and also benefitting the Dual Variable Valve (Dual VVT-i) technology above, the 1.6 litre Dual petrol engine develops 90 kW / 122 DIN hp and a torque of 154 Nm at only 5,200

When equipped with the transmission the unit returns a cycle fuel consumption of 6.6 km and generates CO2 emissions of 157 g/km. The new CVT further reduces both consumption and emissions, to 6.3 l/100 km and 150 respectively.

1.6l Valvematic Engine

Valvematic is a further of Toyota’s highly successful Variable Valve Timing-intelligent VVT-i) system.

Valvematic VVT-i technology a step by adding lift and duration to the inlet valve variable This improves intake volume and speed management subsequently, combustion process to deliver 7% more power for 8% fuel consumption, with CO2 emissions. The adoption of Valvematic reduces friction and pumping under light engine further lowering fuel

Valvematic efficiency is further through the adoption of a variable inlet manifold. This as an accelerator at low to medium engine maximising inlet air speed for combustion efficiency. At higher speeds the manifold is fully This allows air to travel via a route, maximising the volume of air the combustion chamber and, engine power output.

with either a six-speed or new Multidrive S automatic transmission, the Valvematic engine develops 97 kW / 132 DIN hp and a torque of 160 Nm at only 4,400

When equipped with the transmission the unit returns a cycle fuel consumption of 6 km and generates CO2 emissions of only 139

The new Multidrive S transmission reduces consumption to 5.6 l/100 km and emissions to 130 the latter a substantial reduction of 20 over that of the previous 1.6 litre VVT-i engine to a conventional 4-speed automatic

1.8l Dual VVT-i

Replacing the 2.4 litre unit of the model range, a new 1.8 litre engine is fitted, as standard, a new, high gear, efficiency Multidrive S automatic

Benefitting from the Dual Valve Timing-intelligent (Dual technology described above, the 1.8 16V, DOHC Dual petrol engine develops 103 kW / 140 DIN hp at rpm, and a maximum torque of 173 Nm at rpm.

Equipped with the new S transmission, the unit returns a cycle fuel consumption of 6.4 km and generates CO2 emissions of only 152

1.4l D-4D Diesel

Available with either a manual or six-speed MultiMode the Euro 5+ compliant 1.4 litre engine develops 66 kW / 90 DIN hp and maximum of 205 Nm at only 1,800 to 2,800

Available with Stop technology in the new Corolla, the 1.4 D-4D unit also benefits improved Toyota Optimal technology, maximising performance and whilst minimising fuel and CO2 and particulate emissions.

A 2-step control valve is installed in the chain cover. This has the of reducing friction when pressure is low by opening and closing the valve based on driving

Engine warm-up time is through the installation of a coolant system that helps to heat losses in engine during start-up.

Piezoelectric control the fuel volume and the of the injection more accurately. The speed reaction time of injectors makes multi-phase speed injection possible. has the effect of both lowering the of combustion expansion and effecting a thorough burn within the chamber, thus further particulate, NOx and CO2 emissions.

This, to high common rail pressures of 160 Mpa, results in injection times, combining a engine response with fuel economy and reduced CO2

When equipped with a manual transmission and Stop technology, the 1.4 D-4D unit a combined cycle fuel of 3.8 l/100 km and generates CO2 emissions of 99 g/km -a reduction of 26 g/km.

S Automatic Transmission

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A new, gear, high efficiency S automatic transmission is fitted as on the 1.8 petrol version of the new Corolla and as an option with both and Valvematic variants of the 1.6 litre engine.

Developed for its compact light weight and fuel the new, metal belt-type S features a torque converter and electronic, ‘multidrive’ oil pressure

Offering drivers a wider ratio band, a more gear change and better economy than the outgoing automatic transmission, Multidrive S may be in three modes: A fully seamless shift mode, mode, or a 7-speed Sport Shiftmatic mode.

In automatic the system is optimised for quietness and economy, precisely matching the to the engine at all times by monitoring pedal angle, vehicle and braking force.

In 7 speed sequential shiftmatic mode, the position can be selected by the selector or shift paddle switch. In mode, the system is optimised for and direct engine control. On deceleration, the system downshifts and engine braking to assist the force. On corner exit, downshift logic controls the to ensure the optimal gear is selected for required level of

For an even more sporting experience, the 7-speed Sport Shiftmatic mode offers manual override control of the operable by the gearshift lever. In mode, the transmission performs ratio upshifts in perceptible and has a direct downshift feeling braking and deceleration.

MultiMode

Available on the 1.4 D-4D diesel of the new Corolla, MultiMode is an automated transmission with a fully shift mode and no clutch It offers the driver a choice of fully automatic gear modes or a manual, sequential change with steering shift paddles.

Selecting E M (Manual) or R (Reverse) allows the car to in the manner of a conventional automatic. In E the car makes automatic gear that will maximise economy. Selecting ES (Sport) will delay changing up to a rpm, giving a more style of drive.

Stop Start Technology

Now with the 1.4 litre D-4D engine, Toyota’s Stop system automatically switches off the when the vehicle is stopped.

an immediate restart with no engine sound or vibration, the delivers significant reductions in CO2 during urban driving, and can to noticeably lower average consumption, depending on driving

Stop Start automatically the engine when the shift is moved to the neutral position and the pedal is released, enhancing economy. The engine will restart, within less half a second, when the pedal is depressed.

Toyota Start technology allows for the operation of the air-conditioning system, and stop time when the air is in use has been expanded.

With the in use, the engine will not if the desired cabin temperature has not reached. When that is reached, the air-conditioner will allowing the engine to automatically The engine will automatically in the event of low battery charge, or if the begins to move, in the interest of

When the driver door is or driver seatbelt is unbuckled idling stop, the system the engine to warn the driver.

In with the Stop Start an ‘ECO’ indicator will during every automatic An ECO counter also displays the time of stops during drive, and a re-settable ECO odo-counter the vehicle’s total accumulated stop time.

DRIVING

The new Corolla has been engineered to customers a more enjoyable and driving experience.

As previously the Corolla features a longer a lower centre of gravity an overall reduction in height, aerodynamic performance for greater speed stability, a lower, engaging driving position and a new S CVT gearbox incorporating a sport-mode.

The new further benefits from a yet more rigid body revised suspension and a more steering response.

Lighter, Rigidity Bodyshell

The increased use of tensile steel throughout the structure has allowed for the adoption of a metal in several areas, its strength offering a weight of some 5.7 kg per vehicle with no to overall rigidity.

Overall rigidity has been enhanced an increase in the number of body a coupling of the front suspension supports with a straight-shaped front, an improvement to lateral within the underbody, and an increase in rigidity around the back

These measures combine to to both excellent ride and improved response to steering for greater agility.

Revised

The new Corolla shares the proven MacPherson strut and rear beam suspension systems of its Significant revisions to both and rear systems promote ride comfort combined greater agility.

A newly front strut features a 35 mm diameter shock absorber with damping force to optimise stability and ride The length of the urethane bound has been reduced to accommodate the within the lower vehicle and a solid input type support has been adopted to high frequency vibration and steering response.

The coil feature a pigtail structure at end for a compact, lightweight installation. spring reaction force is by adopting a lateral force spring, and suspension friction has lowered by reducing the bending on the shock absorbers.

A reduction in the force on the strut bearings a light and responsive steering And an increase in bodyshell stiffness has for a reduction in the coil spring enhancing ride comfort no detriment to steering response and agility.

Featuring independently coil springs and dampers to loadspace intrusion, the lightweight torsion beam suspension benefits from solid type upper supports, bound stoppers and pigtail springs. A reduced spring and retuned dampers further ride comfort, stability and to steering inputs.

Sharper Power Steering (EPS)

In conjunction with a lowered angle designed to offer a more involving driving the new Corolla’s EPS system has been The power steering gear has been optimised and its rigidity to give a sharper steering and smooth, linear operation.

rigidity has been improved structural changes to the intermediate and the rigid attachment of the steering box to the suspension member, creating a direct, linear steering A revised upper column further reduces unnecessary

The system now features an integrated ECU a new control logic to improve feel, and the ratio of the steering itself has been lowered 15.9 to 14.6 making it 8% than its predecessor to promote a response to steering inputs.

The new has been engineered to provide the active and passive safety and enhanced pedestrian impact The new Toyota targets a maximum, rating in the latest, more Euro NCAP crash programme.

The collision safety of each component has been through extensive CAE (Computer Engineering) and repeated experimental testing.

The high-strength cabin has been to provide optimum front, and side collision performance. energy absorbing front offer significantly improved protection. And the interior is comprehensively with SRS airbags, whiplash headrests and a child restraint

Active safety has been through the adoption of a next ABS system and a shorter brake stroke for better feel and response. Traction Control and Vehicle Stability Control are available, and Hill Start Control (HAC2) is fitted to equipped with VSC.

SAFETY

The new Corolla’s bodyshell an increase in use of high tensile to combine enhanced strength lighter weight and greater A multiple-load-path front structure has adopted to effectively disperse load through the frame, cabin deformation in a frontal

The same principle applies to impact protection, the multiple featuring strengthened side cross members and roof

Pedestrian Protection

The adoption of energy absorbing components significantly improved pedestrian in the event of a frontal impact.

the impact of the head, the front of the features an energy-absorbing inner structure, the fender is mounted on an absorbing bracket, and both the and cowl louvre have been designed with an structure.

Leg impact performance has been improved through the of energy-absorbing structures within the bumper cover, grille and the edge of the bonnet.

Occupant

The new Toyota Corolla is equipped 7 SRS airbags; driver and front airbags, a driver’s knee twin-chamber front side and full-length side curtain airbags.

All front and rear feature three-point, ELR (Emergency Retractor) seatbelts. The ELR is designed to up the seatbelt when excessive is applied over a preset Driver and front passenger further benefit from a and force limiter function. a collision, the force limiter reduces seatbelt tension to occupant chest impact

The Corolla is fitted with Injury Lessening (WIL) seats to reduce whiplash during rear end collisions. a rear impact of sufficient occur, the seat structure the occupant’s upper body to backwards, matching the movement of the body to that of the head to the risk of a whiplash injury.

An child restraint system for either the belt or ISO fixing of a range of seats for children of all

ACTIVE SAFETY

The new Toyota servo assisted, next-generation ABS system features new, 277 mm front discs and 270 mm solid discs. The front brake have been upgraded to more effective performance a reduction in NVH under operation.

The system incorporates a new, and lightweight design of brake a new master cylinder, low-expansion hoses and a link-type brake with a reduced pedal for enhanced response and feel.

The is equipped, as standard, with an Braking System (ABS) Electronic Brakeforce Distribution and Brake Assist (BA). Control (TRC) and Vehicle Control (VSC) are available, and an Hill Start Assist is fitted to vehicles equipped VSC. It now operates brakes for 2 seconds after the driver the brake pedal to completely a move downward.

EBD ensures the most effective brake is applied to each wheel, to road conditions. By preventing the from locking, ABS helps to sure-footed stability during and braking.

BA detects sudden or braking and adds pressure if the fails to apply sufficient during emergency braking.

TRC and controls the amount of power is applied to the road through the wheels. If the system detects one or more wheels spins, it determines the best way to restore to that wheel, either by the power being sent to the that is about to spin or, in extreme cases, momentarily the wheel until it regains

VSC is designed to prevent loss of car when entering a corner too or in slippery conditions which lead to a skid. Via sensors car body yaw, longitudinal and acceleration, steering angle, speed and brake pressure, the assesses vehicle stability and the of either an excessive understeer or slide.

The system restores by automatically adjusting engine and applying smoothly modulated to the appropriate wheel individually, the driver to restore vehicle

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