The Toyota Pickup Truck Is the War Chariot of the Third World — War is…

22 Мар 2015 | Author: | No comments yet »
Toyota FA/DA

The humble Toyota has fought—and won —in of the world’s worst places

For decades, one vehicle has dominated World battlefields.

Ubiquitous and chances are you’re less a mile from one right You could pass one on virtually any in any city in the world and you wouldn’t twice.

The vehicle costs a as much as a modern main tank. In fact, you can buy 266 of them for the of just one tank. Plus more dependable than a easier to maintain.

It’s not by the United States, Russia, China or any of the major arms It’s made by Japan, an pacifist country that the export of arms abroad … to Third World combat

From the deserts of the African to the mountains of Afghanistan, warriors tribesmen to American Special have chosen the Toyota truck as their unarmored carrier of choice.

Syrian with homemade truck-mounted David Axe photo

The unlikely war

There are lots of reasons why pickups have become the combat vehicles of the Third

Poor countries are saturated light pickup trucks. of them were sold new in nations, driven for a while sold abroad. They’re on available to be snatched up by local as needed.

They’re easily acquired, or otherwise. Often they are given to armed groups by governments as “nonlethal aid.” The State Department has donated to the rebel Free Syrian

Pickup trucks’ mobility them ideal for Third warfare. Four-wheel-drives can tackle any terrain. Light trucks weigh much, allowing to cross weak bridges and roads that would be to armored vehicles weighing of tons.

The speed of a pickup is on the battlefield, helping fighters those other hallmarks of World warfare: bad intelligence, leadership, poor planning.

trucks require no special support; any country with gas is, every country on Earth—can them. They don’t fuel like heavy vehicles and they don’t constant maintenance. If a pickup down, parts probably can be And if they can’t, well, just a pickup truck. it. Walk away.

Pickups require special training to Unlike armored vehicles, who already knows how to drive a car can a truck with a machine gun on the back.

They call a “technical,” by the way.

The lack of on a pickup truck isn’t a big problem. Woody Allen said that 80 percent of is just showing up. In the Third most fighting ends it’s clear that one is stronger than the other.

A pickup truck can hustle a machine gun or a squad of armed men to the And if the odds look bad, it can as quickly drive off.

DIS technical escorts U.N. in December 2011. UNHCR

The Toyota War

Between 1978 and Chad and Libya fought a of clashes over a of slice of desert territory known as the Strip. The war sputtered on for nine but what finally turned the was a radical stroke of genius, today we could call an response to the problem of the Libyan

The Libyan military campaigned in like the conventional force it with Soviet-made T-62 armored personnel carriers, artillery and attack jets. By the Chadian army was a ragtag that could never to field the same firepower as the

The Chadians and their French knew there was no chance of N’Djamena’s army into a force equal to the Libyans. So didn’t try.

Instead, the outfitted themselves with 400 pickup trucks. Modified for conditions, the Toyotas each carry half a dozen as long as comfort wasn’t a concern.

Many of the trucks fitted with machine automatic grenade launchers and anti-tank guided missiles. by Germany and France to kill tanks on the European battlefield, could destroy Libyan vehicles at ranges of up to 2,000

Light, long-range and mounting weapons, the Chadian trucks the modern equivalent of Apache on horses and armed with rifles.

The Chadians used a of diversionary tactics and raids to and defeat Libyan troops. of Chadian army Toyotas appear in one direction, drawing the of the Libyans. The main Chadian would then approach the opposite direction and attack missiles, destroying the previously Libyan tanks.

At the Battle of 4,000 to 5,000 Chadian in Toyota pickup trucks a Libyan armored brigade, 784 Libyans and their allies. 100 Libyan tanks and more 30 armored personnel carriers destroyed in the fighting. Chadian were a mere 18 troops and Toyotas.

Chad scored a victory against the Libyan air at Ouadi Doum. The war sputtered to a after the Chadians, overconfident by admittedly impressive string of counter-invaded Libya. The Libyans beat back the Chadian and declared victory. But the Aouzou remained part of Chad.

The of Toyota pickup trucks is so influential that the last of the conflict is popularly known as Toyota War .”

Somali security detail in 2011. Norwegian Refugee photo

Toyota FA/DA

Somalia

In 1992, suffered a devastating famine. The States led a multinational force to the flow of humanitarian aid. provoked a clash with warlords.

As U.S. and allied fanned out across the country, noticed a large number of mostly Toyotas, modified to heavy weapons such as guns, light cannon and rifles. There were rumors that the auto for some unexplained reason, had the trucks to the Somali warlords.

It was in that the armed Toyota any armed pickup, for that the moniker “technical.” The term is to be short for “technical assistance,” a bought from warlords by aid often in the form of armed trucks to ensure that aid reached its destination.

Friction peacekeepers and Somali warlords repeated skirmishes and ultimately the “Black Hawk Down” in 1993. American forces the Somali technicals, the heaviest the militias could muster.

and NATO troops at Camp Afghanistan on Aug. 28, 2010. Joint Command photo


After 9/11, U.S. Forces quickly deployed to but found themselves without transportation. They needed highly mobile vehicles of operating with a minimum of The rest of the U.S. military was the place in the world to look for with that.

So the Special Forces went … in Toyota showrooms in North and Kentucky. Toyota Tacoma were modified for Afghanistan by roll cages, machine gun bumper winches, brush and antenna mounts. Infrared replaced standard headlamps. vehicles even received Force Trackers. the U.S. digital position-reporting system.

Forces liked the Tacomas they were, in their own stealthy.

Toyota pickup have the benefit of not looking military, which is handy for in with civilian traffic. The models bought off American were quieter than the engines used by local The trucks were made stealthier with the removal of buzzers, seat belt and virtually all lights. The last anyone in combat needed was a that he didn’t have his belt on, or an overhead light turning on in the dark.

Special used Toyotas on the battlefield for years, until the increased of Improvised Explosive Devices them into military-grade vehicles. But Afghan troops use Toyotas by the thousands.

The Toyota should have no place on the battlefield. It’s seemingly the opposite of a modern vehicle of It’s unarmored, unarmed in its format, inexpensive and didn’t from some billion-dollar program run by Lockheed Martin.

And yet for those very reasons, the thrives on battlefields in poor The civilian truck has struck an balance between convenience, reality and the demands of local

The proliferation of the light pickup in Third World wars is a that people will use they can get their hands on to get a job that adaptability is one of the most traits of any weapon.

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Toyota FA/DA
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