Celica History

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Toyota EX-1

Celica History

In the beginning

The Toyota 2000GT of the late was a success but was it was too expensive to manufacture.

The and cheaper S800 was also but only appealed to the outright

Toyota wanted a new sports car would appeal to more buyers.

It had to be easy to drive, and reliable.

The starting point of the design was the EX-1 concept To this was added a combination of and Corolla mechanical parts. seats were also to make it more practical at least for small children.

concept car.

Toyota made a sedan called the using the same floorplan, and interior. By making 2 cars the one design, Toyota saved a lot of This saving was then on to the customer. The Celica and the Carina so similar that they built on the same production This saved even costs because only a factory was needed to be built, not

So the Celica was release in Dec 1970 as first mass produced car. At first there was the coupe body style known as the hardtop). In Japan it with 1400cc T and 1600cc 2T and had many options available. The list went from the ET, to the LT and ST and up to the GT with the twincam engine and suspension. America had the 1900cc 8R in the 4 manual ST only. Australia had the 1600cc TA22 LT. Most countries had the 1600cc TA22 ST and GT as the models. It is possible to convert T cars to be R engined and vice-versa by the crossmember, gearbox and driveshaft the equivalent model.


Cold testing.

Celica Production Line.

— American upgrade

The 1900cc RA20 was replaced by the RA21 with the 18R-C It had the same limited options as

1972 — Safety

The fuel tank was moved under the boot (trunk) to the rear seat. It was hoped this would prevent in rear collisions. The fuel was also moved from the panel to the C pillar.

The UK models expanded to include the 1600cc GT with LSD.

The GTV was introduced in as an alternative to the GT. It could be ordered less trim options the GT, so it could be lighter and more as a racer. Mechanically it was identical to the GT except for lower and stiffer

1972 EX-7

1973 Liftback and JDM facelift

In early a liftback prototype called the SV1 was (pictures above and below). It was not to the public.

The RA25 and TA27 liftbacks released in April 1973 and had a new nose (the SV1 had the old nose modified). The new liftback looked so to the 1969 Ford Mustang that the Celica liftbacks are called the Mustang style. The interior and mechanicals were There were 5 narrow lights each side. after Oct 1975 had 3 wider lights each side like the Mustang) but the 2 types of are interchangeable. The TA27 was similar to the except for the engine and gearbox. The had a 2T engine and a T40 or T50 gearbox. The RA25 had an 18R and a W40, W50 or P51 gearbox. The liftback was sold in Japan and some of Europe.


Toyota EX-1

The RA21 was also introduced. It was the same as the and TA22 coupes except it had the 18R engine. All coupes continued to use the old nose until Jan 1974.

The RA21 coupe was also in America with the old style and the 18R-C engine. The American were expanded to include the LT and GT America was the only market to an automatic GT. However, it was also the market where the GT didn’t a twincam engine — the stock 18R-C. s

1974 minor facelift

The wheel were flared a bit more to the whole car wider. No mechanical or changes occured. The American was replaced by the 2200cc RA22 the 20R engine. The taller engine a new cross member and a power in the bonnet. Americans usually this the ’75 model due to weird numbering scheme.

The JDM received the same nose as the JDM in Jan 1974. Other markets with the original nose Oct 1975. The JDM nose is shorter the nose used after Oct and they can not be interchanged. The JDM nose can be fitted to overseas models Oct 1975 since they the same wheelbase.

Oct 1975 — major

In 1975 the entire range was All models now had a lengthened version of the JDM with slightly different bumpers and front indicators. the JDM nose had a flat bonnet, the new had a bonnet with a large Doors remained the same and are between all 1970-1977 models but the glass is different between and liftbacks. The front chassis where lengthened a bit to improve bias (centre of engine now behind the front wheels). width was also increased but the body was the same width.

world markets received the or RA23 coupes and the RA28

The RA24 was the American version of the The RA29 was the American version of the They had very ugly safety bumpers and very pollution control on 2200cc 20R The saftey bumpers were available as an option on Japanese American cars also had side lights just the rear wheels.

Japan struggled with control laws, so in 1976 the 23 and 28 replaced by the 35 for both coupe and models. Some of this was bought from Honda


’76-’77 RA29

Hyper-thetical ’76-’77 Supra

Toyota EX-1
Toyota EX-1
Toyota EX-1

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