Toyota Celica History

6 Янв 2015 | Author: | No comments yet »
Toyota Curren coupe

Toyota Celica History

on Tue Feb 16, 2010 7:50 pm

First / A20/35 Series (1970-1977)

The generation Celica was released to the market in late 1970, and to be a more affordable alternative to sportscar, the 2000GT.

The first of was the original with slant (trapezoid-like shape front light). This is for Coupe only, TA22, RA20, and These models were from 1970 to 1975 and equipped with the 2T, 2T-G 1.6 or 18R 2.0 liter motor. They had a 95 (2,400 mm) wheelbase. The second (98 in (2,500 mm) wheelbase) had a flat (square front corner and slightly longer wheelbase. facelift model appeared in in 1974, but for export was the 1976 year.

Second generation / A40 (1977-1981)

The second generation was released for 1978 model (production began in late and was again available in both and Liftback forms. The Coupe was no a true hardtop; both and Liftback had frameless door but featured a thick B pillar. Stollery was responsible for its design.[3] 1979 to 1981 the Griffith in the USA offered a Targa style conversion to the Coupe. They called the SunChaser and had a removable top and a folding rear roof, like the ’67 Porsche 911 Targa. These were approved and sold through dealers. Over 2000 produced.

Third generation / A60 Series

August 1981 saw the introduction of the generation Celica. The car was available in liftback and convertible forms, many buyers biased the liftback. Styling was changed from previous models and was provided by a 2.4 L 22-R or 22R-E in all North American models, carbureted 2.0 L I4 engine (namely a was also used. The 2.4 L became the engine offered in any Celica except for the Supra model. engines for Japanese models 1.6 liter 2T, 1.8 liter 3T and 1S, and 2.0 liter Trim levels are SV, ST, ST-EFI, SX, GT, and GT Two body styles were coupe and liftback.

Fourth generation / T160 (1985-1989)

In August 1985 the was changed completely. It was an all-new with front wheel a rounded, flowing body and new 2.0 L engines.

Toyota introduced the Celica: the GT-Four (ST165) the Japanese market in October With full-time all wheel including an electronically controlled locking differential, and a turbocharged of the GT-S 2.0 L engine producing 190 hp kW) (3S-GTE), it immediately took its as the flagship of the Celica range, and the official Toyota rally car for all of production. The GT-Four, with a viscous coupling central differential, began export in (1988 US model year) and in North America as the All-trac It was rated at 190 bhp (142 kW; 193 PS) and 190 lb·ft N·m). The All-trac system was offered for a limited time on the Previa, and Corolla in North without the turbo.

Fifth generation / T180 (1990-1993)

The fifth generation was introduced in September 1989 for the model year. The Celica new organic styling, upgraded and tires, and a more powerful (US: All-Trac). Toyota claimed that the round and lack of straight edges strength without adding The styling was later copied by manufacturers. Japanese domestic (JDM) models were now Z-R, GT-R, Active (with active suspension), and The S-R and Z-R were powered by a 3S-FE while the GT-R and Active came with a 3S-GE. The in the GT-Four features an air-to-air and CT26 twin entry to eliminate exhaust gas interference. The JDM has 165 kW (221 hp) and 304 N·m (224 lb·ft) of a result of more aggressive advance and ceramic turbine. The 4WD system in the GT-Four has viscous limited slip center and Torsen rear differential.

Toyota Curren coupe

Sixth generation / T200 (1994-1999)

For 1994, Toyota revamped the Celica line. It was available in ST and GT trims in the USA for the 1994 year, but the addition of the optional Package to the GT produced GT-S-like The ST had a new 1.8 liter 7A-FE engine could also be found in the while the GT was powered by the carried-over 2.2 5S-FE engine which also be found in the Camry. the turbocharged All-Trac was no longer in the U.S. The 7A-FE is rated at 105 hp (78 kW) and 110 while the 5S-FE is rated at 135 hp kW) and 145 ft-lbs/torque.

Initially the Japanese market (JDM) models SS-I and SS-II. The ST205 was launched in February 1994, and the in the Autumn of the same year.

For the only change in the North Celica was the discontinuation of the GT coupe. minor change was given to JDM in December 1997. Projector were optional for all models. The engine on the SS-II and SS-III VVT-i, the SS-III was given a Tuned 3S-GE engine. WRC high rear spoiler on the GT-Four and also standard on the

Seventh generation / T230 (1999-2006)

In late 1999, began production and sales of the generation Celica. It closely the XYR concept with the exception of the bumper and rear spoiler. The model year Celica was an of Toyota Project Genesis, an to bring younger buyers to the in the United States. Toyota to appeal to the same buyers of the Integra and Honda Civic. took time to lighten the car and cost whenever possible. window and door lock were placed in the center so only 1 set was necessary for both Initial moonroofs were of polymer plastic instead of the glass.

The Celica came in two different The ZZT230 was powered by a relatively 1.8 L 4-cylinder 140 hp (104 kW) 1ZZ-FE and the ZZT231 powered by a higher-performance 1.8 L 191 hp (142 kW) (in Europe and Japan) version, co-developed with the latter featuring a two-step valve lift control in with its variable valve In 2004, rated the as one of the best cars to purchase for gas

[From Wikipedia]

Toyota Curren coupe


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