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Toyota Crown sedan IX

Mitsubishi Galant

The Mitsubishi is an automobile manufactured by Mitsubishi since 1969. The name was from the French word . meaning “chivalrous”. [ 1 ] There been nine distinct and cumulative sales now exceed million. [ 2 ] It began as a compact but over the course of its life has into a larger mid-size Initial production was based in Japan. but since 1994 the market has been served by assembled at the former Diamond-Star (DSM) facility in Normal, .

First generation

The first of the car, initially known as the Galant, was released in December Three models were powered by the new ‘Saturn’ engine in 1.3 ( AI or 1.5 L ( AII and AIII ) configurations. A 1.6 L came the following year. The was dubbed “Dynawedge” by Mitsubishi, to the influence of aerodynamics on the silhouette. [ 2 ] only available as a four-door a two-door hardtop variant was in 1970, offering the unique feature of being the first production passenger car with side windows and no side It became Mitsubishi’s first car to be in the United States in 1971 the Chrysler Corporation. the company’s new and stakeholder, began importing the car as the Colt. It was also sold in alongside the larger Chrysler models, in four door as the Chrysler Galant.

From a fastback coupé model was the Galant GTO. Fashioned contemporary American muscle the hardtop GTO was available with a of three 4G32 ‘Saturn’ and was available until 1975. The was sufficiently highly regarded in for it to be resurrected for the 1990 Mitsubishi GTO

A second coupé was introduced in the Galant FTO. Powered by the 1.4 L engine, it too would a legacy for the company to return to in the with the Mitsubishi FTO .

Second generation

The second Galant was more widely as Mitsubishi’s ambitions grew. It was sold by Chrysler in many guises; as the Dodge Colt in the States, as the Plymouth Colt and Cricket in Canada (from [ 3 ] as the Chrysler Valiant Galant in and in Europe as the Colt Galant.

model was more curvaceous, by contemporary “coke-bottle” styling, and a range of larger ‘Astron’ developing up to 125 PS to complement the units. During the second the first Astron 80 engines introduced using Mitsubishi’s developed “Silent Shaft” shaft technology for reduced and noise.

Third generation

The of the car was introduced in 1976, and was known as Σ (Sigma) . In many export the car was simply known as the Galant, the Dodge Colt name in America. A wagon variant was to complement the sedan. In Australia, the car was built locally at Chrysler’s Park plant, it was known as the Sigma. A new coupé (two was introduced in 1976 to replace the GTO, known in Japan as the Λ (Lambda) .

Mitsubishi introduced the engine with its latest This incorporated the “Jet a secondary intake valve improved emissions without the need for a completely redesigned head .

The third generation was the recipient of the Car of the Year award in Africa in 1977


Mitsubishi’s fourth iteration of the debuted many new innovations for Their new ‘Sirius’ engine was in turbocharged form for performance while for economy, an ‘Astron’ the first diesel engine in a passenger car, was also A new electronic fuel injection was introduced on some models of the Astron.

For the second generation in a row Mitsubishi claim to be building an award-winning as this was chosen as Car of the Year in New in 1981.

From 1982 to some of the Australian Sigmas exported to the United Kingdom the Lonsdale badge, circumventing the import quota restrictions by Japanese manufacturers. However the car was and for 1983 and 1984 it carried Sigma badges in the UK before were discontinued.

The wagon was facelifted, although from back the vehicle remained the Production of the wagon version in Australia until 1987 it was replaced by the new Magna .

The two door was also redesigned for 1981 and was through 1983. The fourth was known as the Mitsubishi Scorpion in and the Dodge Challenger and Plymouth in the United States.

The fourth sedan and coupé were slightly larger than the generation cars. Additional was given to ergonomics. aerodynamics. and Shoulder room, leg room, and space were all increased, and the was slightly enlarged for more capacity. The interior was made with additional carpeting and acoustic dampening materials and a front bulkhead.


A fifth-generation model shifted to drive for 1983 as a four-door and hardtop (with different This formed the basis of the Mitsubishi Magna in Australia for the same year in which won Bild am Sonntag ‘s Das Goldene (Golden Steering Wheel) in Germany for the Galant and Wheels ’ Car of the for the Magna. [ 5 ] This generation was sold as the Mitsubishi Sigma 1990 in the United States. and in New where it continued on as the V3000 1988 to 1992 with a V6 engine.

Export trim were often engine-specific, on the market: GL models were with either 1.6L or engines, GLS models (GLX on markets) had 2.0-litre engines 2000 GLS) and Diesel had a 1.8-litre turbodiesel engine. The model did not have a trim it was simply 1800 TD.

Sixth generation

In 1987 the platform was used for a sixth-generation which adopted taller, styling. This generation won the Car of the Japan award in 1987 and the GS became Motor Trend ‘ s Car of the Year in 1989. [ 6 ] This began American sales in side by side with the

In 1991 Mitsubishi Motors complete a new assembly facility at Venezuela being the Galant one of the produced models. It was sold 1994 under the ZX, MF, MS and MX names, indentified the various levels of and transmission.

The Sigma designation with the 1990 model. A new liftback model was added in called the Mitsubishi Eterna . generation was also sold in as the Dodge 2000GTX and Eagle . Sales ended in 1992.

A edition based on the GTi-16v was introduced in 1989, modified by tuning company AMG (now by Mercedes-Benz ),with mildly engine (172 PS (127 kW; and unique bodykit, alloy leather interior.

The sixth was also the first to see the introduction of the variant, which was the basis for participation in the 1988–1992 World Championships. The Galant’s 4G63 two DOHC turbocharged engine and 4WD was later adopted for the Mitsubishi Evolution with little and would remain in production for years.

Seventh generation

A new debuted in 1992 (model 1994 in America), available as a sedan and five-door liftback only in America). A Japan-only derivative called the Mitsubishi was also launched in 1992. generation marked a substantial in suspension design, switching struts to double-wishbones in front and a beam axle to multi-link in the

Toyota Crown sedan IX

Because the Lancer Evolution was now homologated rally car, the generation VR-4 became a overtly sporting vehicle, the old four-cylinder engine in favour of a two litre V6 twin turbo. The wheel drive transmission was

Production in the United States on May 24, 1993 when the first generation Galant rolled off the line in Normal, Illinois. In a slightly upgraded GS version was with a 160 hp (120 kW) cam engine, speed-sensitive steering, stabilizer bar, and an available transmission.

The seventh generation also known as the Mitsubishi formed the basis of the Proton .

Eighth generation

The eighth-generation model continued the 1992 themes but a station wagon in Japan as the Mitsubishi Legnum ) was The liftback was deleted. This won the 1996–97 Car of the Year Japan Despite being superseded in the US 2003, it remained on sale in countries until 2006.

model was also produced in Venezuela. at the only Mitsubishi in Latin America. At the beginning, the was marketed in that country the MX and MF names in 1997 and 1998 a manual or INVECS-II semi-automatic respectively), then kept the name until the end of its production in Although the equipment options limited, the VR-4 appearance was offered in that market.

The market Galant, introduced on 7, 1998, graduated to the US Environmental Agency‎ ‘s mid-size class. The suspension switched from to struts, though the rear was with a stabilizer bar standard on all but the DE model. ES, LS and GTZ models were with a 195 hp (145 kW) V6 the 6G72 3.0 L, mated to a 4-speed conventional auto. difference from Asian and models was lack of ABS. was only installed on 3.0 L

Mitsubishi opted to further the technology in its range-topping VR-4. was now powered by an enlarged 2.5 L V6 turbo. The car featured either a 5-speed manual or INVECS-II Some models were fitted with the same active yaw control (AYC) as the Evolution. to give it greater than would be expected of a large vehicle. Finally, as the rest of the range, the VR-4 now be had either as a Galant sedan or as a station wagon .

In some markets Mitsubishi offered a MIVEC version of the 6A12 aspirated V6 engine, badged as the 2.0A”. Output was placed at (150 kW) and 147 lb·ft (199 N·m) of The larger 2.5 L 6A13 was common in the rest of the world.

In the company introduced the Mitsubishi . Externally identical to the regular the new model name denoted the gasoline direct injection engines.

Ninth generation

The States has had the sedan-only ninth-generation PS model since October 15. It was announced at the 2003 New York Auto Show in April for the model year, following the of the SSS concept sedan at the North International Auto Show years before. [ 7 ] The ninth-generation States-sourced model is available for only in a few regional markets, North America. Puerto Mexico. Russia. Ukraine and Russia began sourcing its from the United States 2006. The Arabian markets sourcing its Galants from the States from the 2007 year.

A size increase in slightly more interior and a weight gain of several pounds. The 4-cylinder engine, still 2.4 liters in displacement, from Mitsubishi’s 4G64 to the newer 4G69 design, in a horsepower increase from 140 to Likewise, the V6 jumped from a with 190 hp (140 kW) to a 3.8 235. All North American gained 4-wheel disc but lost their rear bar.

A Ralliart version joined for finally upgrading the V6 to a class-competitive (192 kW) while also a firmer suspension, front tower bar, rear bar, and 18-inch (460 mm) wheels. For 2008, the trimming of left the Ralliart as the only V6 and the Galant skips the 2008 year in Canada. only to in 2009 with the facelifted

Mitsubishi also assembles and a modified version of the ninth-generation in Taiwan. Taiwan was one of the first outside the Americas to market the when the Galant Grunder known simply as Grunder ) was in December 2004 with a front end. In addition, model is also sold in the as the Galant 240M using the 2.4 MIVEC engine. [ 8 ] It is also in China. [ 9 ]

A localized version the 380 was manufactured in Australia for the Australia-New market, replacing the long-lived line.

Toyota Crown sedan IX
Toyota Crown sedan IX
Toyota Crown sedan IX

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