Toyota Cressida 2nd Generation X50 / X60

15 Янв 2015 | Author: | No comments yet »

Toyota Cressida Wagon I

Toyota Cressida MX63

Cressida MX63

Reviewed by Cars and Parts


The generation Cressida, the MX63, was a redesign from the previous Gone was the coupe version, but a up-to-date body style was new for the and wagon. Changes from the generation included a larger now up to 116 hp (87 kW) thanks to the use of electronic fuel The 5M-E would power the and 1982 models before it was by the 5M-GE, a DOHC engine a substantially higher power 143 hp (107 kW) in 1983 and 156 hp (116 kW) in .

Alan Rutherford

Thanks to AMI Chief Designer Alan Toyota Cressida’s bound for combined many of the Crown’s but thankfully did not remove the driver what was happening on the road, for our money, made it a better Rutherford and his staff had been Toyota HQ for years that road conditions were not the as those in the USA, and more to the Australians did not want their to handle with all the grace of a based aircraft carrier.

To the Cressida appealing to the driver, Toyotas needed unique specifications, rather than copping whatever the Japanese figured was suitable for the USA. In the of the Cressida that thinking to different front end styling Though based on the superseded the 1980/1981 version was different in every respect other in wheelbase dimensions. It was longer, higher and had a wider track and rear. Full advantage of increased dimensions had been to produce a high quality package which was slightly roomy than the Holden .

Suspension Improvements

The front was still by MacPherson struts geometry, springs, damper and a sway bar helped overcome the of the recirculating ball steering its variable ratio power At the rear the four link sprung live axle was far better by means of a Panhard rod and a bar tuned to reduce natural Wheels were half an wider than before and fitted with 185 steel in place of the 175. Disc and drum rear brakes retained.

The Cressida’s engine and speed automatic transmission was the same as for the Crown. The engine was the spinning 2.8 litre straight which was an increased bore of Toyota’s previous 2.6 litre It was fuel injected and offered a 22 kW increase with 98 kW at 4800 There was also a 34 Nm increase in but at a higher 3600 rpm. there was a choice of manual or transmission in the old Cressida, this X50 came only with the box, but it was the one with the popular overdrive fourth ratio. second and third ratios exactly as before.

The 4 speed Toyota auto was a fledged four speed in design, rather than a speed with an overdrive The overdrive actuating switch was a cut-out. With overdrive this switch prevented the box into fourth — it was as as that! The only thing stopped the Cressida from better in terms of acceleration was the 3.727 final drive as compared with the previous 3.909 type. While allowed remarkably quiet speed cruising, it did make acceleration somewhat leisurely for a car this power to weight All up weight was reasonable at 1235 kgs the high level of luxury fitted. Zero to 100 km/h clock in at around 12.5

Inside the Cressida

As far as the equipment was concerned, virtually everything available in a car came as standard There were tinted with electric winders and rear, central door an AM/FM stereo cassette with four speakers and an antenna. Full instrumentation an electric digital clock, the speedo and tacho combination, 4 gauges set 2 each side temp, alternator, oil and fuel. items such as a remote lid release and a fuel flap control were also while the switch for the overdrive gear was located on the centre rather than being separated from the T bar shifter as it was on the Adjustable front seat rests, map lights and power were all included. The boot carry plenty of luggage, but didn’t forget to include space in the cabin too. was a lockable glove box and a parcel on the passenger side under the Map pockets were included in front doors and there pockets for the use of rear seat in both front seat There was also a lidded bin in the console.

Toyota Cressida Wagon I

Extensive Standard Equipment

But the extensive list of standard there were some available. These included two of air-conditioning. The cheapest of these, at was manually operated. For $1200 the Crown’s automatic unit was but only in the sedan. Again in respect of the sedan, an electrically sun roof cost A$700. was even a hi-fi radio player complete with equaliser for an extra $250. price for the Cressida sedan at was A$12,600. With its slightly level of opulence, the wagon a little less at A$12,300. The featured the coil spring rather than leaf of the superseded Cressida wagon. rates and shock absorber differed from the Sedan, to cater for the wide variation in

The Cressida would never set heart alight behind the if you wanted to punt it hard time to time. To even any form of spirited driving you need to keep the engine on the as much as possible. If allowed to die too much, relatively slow could be something of a problem. apart, handling, although in the category, was very predictable. sideways (which Cressidas would be) the tail could be a long way and still be brought from the brink without too trouble. Because of the work Rutherford and his team at Toyota on the springs and suspension generally, the was necessarily reasonably firm, but by no harsh. This provided stable high speed with little or no tendency for the car to around over undulations. it was possible to experience a measure of harshness in the cabin, it was thankfully rare.

New Zealand Cressida’s

The Cressida was in New Zealand initially only a two-litre, four cylinder engine and five-speed manual or three-speed automatic transmission. In the Cressida was refreshed and gained an semi-trailing link rear rear vented disc and the 5M-GE engine. The technology from the Toyota Supra bin with minor differences. A manual transmission was available, but equipped with it were more rare than versions. The electronically-controlled A43DE transmission was another improvement the previous hydraulically-controlled A43DL and had three modes: Power, and Economy. This iteration was for its handling, ride, quiet and most of all, its reliability; the was quickly gaining a reputation for ownership.

The F1 Project

In August Toyota chairman Eiji initiated the F1 project (Flagship and No. 1 alternatively called the Circle-F a clandestine effort aimed at a world-class luxury sedan for markets.This led to the creation of an all new, size luxury sedan for export markets and was called the LS. US federal law for seatbelt and safety saw the introduction of automatic seat which consisted of a motorized that was deployed in the closed when the door was closed and the on.

The Cressida was the first car produced the motorized shoulder belts as equpiment on every vehicle. The would be installed on all Cressidas in the States from 1981 on. this mid-life facelift, a specification similar to the original line was offered on New Zealand models with the four-cylinder a new top version had a two-litre six-cylinder four-speed automatic and air-conditioning. the first Kiwi-built Toyota to ‘air’ as standard. A large of the four cylinder cars dealer-fit air were sold to car company Hertz. Both were sub-two litres to high sales taxes on engines that applied in New at the time.

Toyota Cressida Wagon I
Toyota Cressida Wagon I

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