1970 — 2006 Toyota Celica History | car review @ Top Speed

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1970 — 2006 Celica History

Posted on 03:07 by Blas Nicusor

was originally designed for motorists who love fun and style, and more just a simple means of

The name is derived from the word célico meaning the heavens or celestial.

First (1970-1977)

The first generation was released to the market in 1970,at Tokyo Motor Show in was a cut-down version of Toyota’s the 2000GT, so it was a relatively affordable car.

Based on the EX-1 Car of the prototype, its styling was quite for the day.

The Celica was Toyota’s of the Mustang — an image car than a high-volume car.

The generation came out in two different the LT and ST.

The lower-end LT was equipped with a 2T four-cylinder engine displacing cc, while the ST came with a Solex-carburetor 2T-B engine.

The sold well from the its first major change or taking place in 1974 the addition of the GT model.The 2T-G powered the high-end GT model was a twin-Solex carburetor 1600 cc

The GT model came with upgrades like underbody tinted windows, different flutes, power windows, air GT front grill, and shared a few with the ST — a full-length console and oil pressure/ammeter gauges, than the LT’s warning

There was also a GTV version, could even be considered a between the GT and LT versions, as it had the 2T-G with a slightly cut-down and did not come with things power windows, but they optional. The GTV has firmer suspension

In 1976 and 1977 Celica Motor Trend Import Car of the

In 1976, the Celica line was with the addition of the liftback available only in GT trim.The was introduced for Japanese market in 1973, but not until 1976 for America.

The GT package included the engine, offered sportier and a higher-grade trim. This was marketed as a sport-touring type offering greater comfort and capacity than the standard

The first Celica for North 1971 ST was powered by 1.9 liter 8R The 1972-1974 models have 2.0 18R engine. For 1975-1977, engine for the American Celica is 2.2 liter The Celica GT and LT models were in the U.S. for the 1974 model The top-line GT included a 5-speed transmission, rocker panel GT and styled steel wheels chrome trim rings. The LT was as an economy model. Mid-1974 saw changes in the Celica’s trim and

In June 1977 Celica one million models produced.

The first entry for Celica in the Rally Championship was in 1972 RAC when Ove Andersson drove 1600GTV into the ninth

Second generation (1978-1981)

The generation Celica was released in began in late 1977) and was available in both ST and GT trim

Power was provided by 2.2-liter for both models. This new offered more safety, and economy than previous and was awarded Motor Trend’s Car of the Year for 1978.

The second Celica can be broken down two series of release (known as A and Series B). These two Celica’s only distinguishable by appearance, having the same engine Series A Celica’s (1977-1979) released with round and chrome bumpers for lower The higher grades such as GT has rubber bumpers. The Series B (1980-1981) was released with headlights and Black rubber and various other ’minor’

In 1980, a four-door version was known as the Toyota Celica This model was a Toyota with a Celica front The Camry was spun off as its own model two later.

The limited edition US Prix GT Liftback was offered in and in 1981 the GTA Coupe was released to the Celica 10th Anniversary.

were about 70 different of 2nd generation Celica ever in Japan.

Third generation

The third generation came in in 1982.

Styling was changed from previous models and was now provided by 2.4-liter engines.

In 1982, the first Celica was launched in Japan. The GT-T has 1.8 3T-GTE engine. In order to the FISA Regulation for Group B Car to compete in the World Rally (WRC), 200 units Celica were built. These the basic car for Group B Celica Turbo (TA64) which and rallied by Toyota Team

In 1983, Toyota added the model to the Celica line to the sports image that had lost as it grew larger and with each subsequent The GT-S included larger and tires, fender flares, suspension, and a sports interior special seats and a leather-wrapped and gearshift knob.

Minor were given in late for 1984 model year, and by the redesigned front end, fully-closed retractable headlights. vents, Hood, grille, lights,and bumpers were new. The GT-R and GT-TR were added to the Japanese up.

Fuel injection became on all North American Celica, the 22R engine became 22R-E. The Convertible, built by American Corporation in California, was released in

Fourth generation (1986-1989)

In the 1986 the Celica changed

It was now an all-new vehicle with wheel drive, a rounded, body and new 2.0 L four-cylinder engines. In America, the Celica was now available in ST, GT and trim, all available as either or liftback models, with the GT offered up in a soft-top convertible as well.

STs and GTs came with a engine, while the GT-S was a 135-horsepower version of the same engine. Front-wheel-drive and four-wheel suspension made the Celica the all-around sports car.

For market Toyota introduced the Celica, the GT-Four (ST165) in 1986. With full-time all drive and a turbocharged version of the 2.0 L engine producing 190 hp (3S-GTE), it took its place as the flagship of the range, and became the official rally car for all years of production. The began exporting for 1988 year, and marketed in the USA as All-trac

In 1988, the ST163 with engine was added into line up in ST and SX trim levels.

The GT-Four made its World debut in 1988 Tour de and finished 6th. The first came in 1988 Cyprus and the first WRC victory in 1989 Australia.

Fifth generation

The fifth generation Celica was in September 1989.They received styling, upgraded wheels and and more power.

Anti-lock were available on all models, as numerous luxury items all standard on the All-Trac model With its leather interior, sound1990 Toyota Celica system and power-operated driver’s and sunroof included as standard the All-Trac was the most expensive yet. With its 200-horsepower engine, it was also the most Celica yet.

Japanese market models are S-R, GT-R, Active Sports active suspension), and GT-Four.

The S-R and Z-R are by 3S-FE engine. The GT-R and Sports come with The 3S-GTE in the GT-Four features intercooler and CT26 twin turbo to eliminate exhaust gas The Full-time 4WD system in the GT-Four has coupling limited slip differential and Torsen rear

In North America, the GT and GT-S powered by the 2.2 L 5S-FE, while the ST the DOHC 16-valve, 1.6 L 4A-FE. for North America has aero door mirrors, and amber corner lights.

Trim for Europe are 1.6 ST-i, 2.0 GT-i 16, and The 2.0 GT-i 16 Cabriolet was offered in certain European countries. for Australia are SX Coupe, SX Liftback, and also 150 units limited GT-Four Group A Rallye.

In August 1990, the GT-Four A and were added into line up. Super Live System with 10-speakers is on the GT-Four A, and optional in other but S-R. The 20th Anniversary came in December 1990 to 20 years of Celica.

The special edition of 5000 units was as the GT-Four RC in Japan, Carlos in Europe (in honour of their WRC driver), or Group A Rallye in Special features include:

* a intercooler which TTE wanted so could more easily their WRC car;

* different the emphasis of which is to get rid of heat as as possible, (instead of scooping in as is the case with the standard hood);

* different bumper is much lighter than the one.

Out of 5000 units, were for Japanese market, were allocated to Europe, 150 in 25 in Singapore, and very few made a to New Zealand and general markets.

In 1991 for 1992 model Toyota facelifted the Celica.

generation (1994-1999)

The Celica was available in ST and GT trims in the US for the 1994 year, but the addition of the optional package to the GT produced GT-S-like The ST has new 1.8 liter 7A-FE engine, the GT is by a 2.2 liter 5S-FE. Styling of the new was acclaimed by most publications as with four exposed Celicas were available in coupe or liftback form, the GT sports package available on the liftback. New safety equipment in the of driver (and then passenger-side) airbags was standard, and brakes were available on all Many Celicas also CFC-free air conditioning.

Production of the or GT-Four as it was known outside the US, for the Japanese, Australian, European, and markets. This version was to be the powerful Celica produced to producing between 240-250 hp an updated 3S-GTE engine. strongly by Team Toyota Toyota’s factory team in the Rally Championship, the final of the GT-Four included improvements as an all aluminum hood to save four-channel ABS, an improved turbocharger, and Super Strut The 2500 homologation cars to allow Toyota to enter the as a Group A car in the World Rally also sported extras as all of the plumbing required to activate an system, a water spray bar for the Intercooler and an extender spoiler on risers. The car proved to be quite in the 1995 World Championship. the team was banned from for a year after the car’s victory due to turbocharger irregularities.

1995 saw the introduction of the third convertible. Built off of the GT coupe, the took place in the ASC facility in Dominguez, California. The vehicle in the US as a partially assembled vehicle. At the roof was removed and a three-layer and power-operated top was installed, producing a that was virtually water and

The 1996 Celica received side skirts to improve its efficiency, as well as a redesigned spoiler. Also available optional driving lights in the grille area (standard on GT To celebrate 25 years of Celica, the and SS-III Special Edition released in Japan, and the 25th ST Limited and GT Convertible marked occasion in the USA.

For 1997, the change in the North American was the discontinuation of the GT coupe. Another change was given to JDM Celica in 1997. Projector headlights are for all models. The 3S-GE engine on and SS-III received VVT-i, the was given a Beams Tuned engine. WRC style high spoiler returned on the GT-Four and standard on the SS-III.

In 1998, the ST was discontinued to simplify the Celica process. All Celicas in North (coupe, liftback and convertible) now GT models.

The 1998 models 3 spoke sporty steering and the deletion of front strut Based on the 1.8 ST, Toyota GB released the SR with lowered suspension, alloys, and mesh grille.

In the Celica lineup was simplified further with the elimination of the model. The Celica was now available as a GT or a GT Convertible. The GT-Four was still in Japan. Also in 1999, released pictures of their concept car, dubbed the The XYR displayed an aggressive stance and styling not seen since the Toyota sports car, the

Seventh generation (2000-2006)

In Toyota began production of the generation Celica. It was very to the XYR concept with the exception of the bumper and rear spoiler. The Celica was an element of Toyota Genesis, an effort to bring buyers to the marque in the United

The new Celica was styled at Calty Research, Inc. in Newport Calif. The cab-forward design a high-fashion look with design elements. Sharp-edged dramatic plunging curves, a tail and a radically lowered fascia were stark compared to past models. The new was shorter in length, but longer in with greatly reduced and rear-overhangs.

This Celica came in two levels, the GT powered by an economical 1.8 L 140 hp engine and the GT-S powered by a 1.8 L 4-cylinder 180 hp version, co-developed Yamaha. Both of these featured Toyota’s signature (Variable Valve Timing Intelligence) system, which varies the camshaft timing. The had a more aggressive system the VVTL-i (Variable Valve with Lift and Intelligence), is similar to the VVT-i except 6200 rpm, when lift is increased a fraction to provide an abrupt increase in accounting for the 40 hp difference. The GT was available in a 5-speed manual and 4-speed and the GT-S was available with a 6-speed manual and a 4-speed

In 2001, Honda released its replacement, the Acura RSX, for the model year with a 2.0 L 200 hp engine, which competed with the Celica.

In 2002 also made some on the Celica GT-S, with the being limited to 7800 down from 8350 rpm on the 7th generation.

In 2003 the Celica a face lift, with a front bumper, revised lights, and the addition of several new to the lineup. The GT-S was also now with a drive-by-wire throttle in the manual transmission model. drive-by-wire, while shortening response, comprimises the ability to use an ECU, thus limiting potential.

In July 2004, announced the Celica (as well as the would be discontinued in the United at the end of the 2005 model year of increasing competition and lack of

The last Celica was rolled off line on April 21, 2006.

WRC Celica

In the late 1988-1996 won several WRC championships in a modified Celica driven by Carlos With an extremely modified X-Trac transmission the Toyota was always a contender throughout its WRC winning 38 WRC Rallies and 2 WRC Championships.

began getting involved in WRC the introduction of the Celica GT-4 (or in the States) in 1988. With of the GT-4 and sales of between production versions worldwide a Toyota was eligible to race in Toyota campaigned in both the 4, 5th and 6th GT-4. however titles won in the 5th generation Celica. The fifth car was perfect for rally at the time, problems with the hood aerodynamics forced a mid-generation of the Rally/Group A/RC edition. The RC had a recessed hood vent of a hood scoop, and added an turbo and intercooler design.

The 6th generation was used only briefly as teams saw little in switching to a new body style. were actually lobbying to switch over to the Corolla. The in driver’s opinions, was a superior car for in that it was lighter and had a better of the road. With the Corolla, did not see the success that it did with the and ultimately pulled out of WRC in 1998 in of F1.

Pikes Peak Celica

off of the 6th Generation Celica body the Pikes Peak Celica has little in common with a Celica. From a 4 cylinder Racing engine to a carbon body shell, X-Trac to 4wd. the Celica is probably one of the expensive, technologically advanced ever built. Although were released overseas it is that the Pikes Peak isn’t based off of the GT-4 (note the hood differences). My is that this is either due to an advantage or an engine design eliminates the top mount intercooler. an estimated 800HP on tap and a huge that keep the Celica planted on the dirt, Rod Millen several record shattering including setting a Pikes record that is still Unfortunately, as Toyota moved out of WRC the Peak Celica was dropped in of a Tacoma body shell. finally dropped the funding of the Peak Hill Climb all in 2001.

NHRA Celica


While not near the nor the most powerful, the Nascar is certainly worth mentioning. in the Goody’s Nascar Series the is a DOHC V6 racing comparably domestic V-8s. Introduced in the 6th body style the Celica can now be in the latest (7th Generation) style. This series has shown on the Speed channel. the series is a smaller scale typical Nascar which smaller circuits around the As of this update the Huffman is number one in the standings

Toyota Celica
Toyota Celica
Toyota Celica


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