The History of Toyota Camry

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Toyota Camry TS-01

The History Of Toyota Camry

The Camry is a mid-size car, a compact car manufactured by Toyota 1980. The name Camry from a phonetic transcription of the word kamuri (冠, かんむり), means crown, a tradition with the Toyota Crown in the and continued with the Corolla and which are also Latin for crown.

For the East and Southeast markets, high specification models are seen as executive Since the sixth generation model, the Camrys sold in markets have sported front- and rear-end treatment. For the generation XV40 series, the was done, although the Australian-designed Aurion which is based on the generation Camry was the donor The Aurion features revised and rear-end treatment and changes to the but is fitted with the same An up-branded luxury version of the was sold in Japan as the Toyota until 2006; the related ES shares major chassis and components with the Camry.

In the States, the Camry has been the selling car for nine of the last ten starting in 1997, with the exception being 2001. The also sells very in Australia, Canada, and a number of markets—in particular Cambodia the vast majority of cars are Despite its success, it has often criticized for its bland design and of sportiness compared to its rivals. It has not as well in Europe and its homemarket as its design is ill-suited for European and tastes.

Originally launched as the Celica Camry in January for the Japanese home market, model was essentially a second-generation Carina with updated and a front-end that resembled a Toyota Celica XX, known as the Supra in export markets.

The car was on the rear-wheel drive Celica and was by either a 1.6litre 12T-U producing 65kilowatts (88hp) JIS and metres (94lb·ft) or a 1.8litre engine producing 70kilowatts JIS and 147newton metres (108lb·ft). the end of its model lifecycle, Toyota a sports version of the Celica equipped with the 16-valve overhead camshaft 2.0litre from the Celica producing JIS (96hp). This is the most version of the Celica Camry in the market today.

Although it has an 2500millimetre (98.4in) wheelbase to the the Corona, and the Carina, it is longer the Carina but shorter than the Corona and Celica. During its cycle, over 100,000units sold in Japan. The Celica was also exported to a number of using the Carina’s name, and it the second-generation Carina in these

In 1982, the Camry became an model line, and was sold as a four-door sedan and five-door There were limited predominantly to right-hand-drive markets. At point, Camry was positioned the Carina and Corona, two other models made by Toyota. A was announced at this point: the Vista.

The design of the first Camry fit well within the trends of the early 1980s. the vehicle size and available were characteristic of Japanese-designed of the time; the Camry was a compact with a solid but spartan and competed indirectly against American counterparts.

In North the Camry was available with a SAE (92hp) 2.0litre 2S-ELC 1.8litre 1C-TLC or a 55kilowatt 2.0litre 2C-TLC turbodiesel Either a four-door sedan or hatchback body style be specified, and could be purchased either a five-speed manual or a four-speed A140E automatic. In to the rear-wheel drive Celica the Toyota Camry was a front-wheel vehicle built on an all-new In Australia, only the petrol-fueled was sold. The United Kingdom, and of Continental Europe got the sedan and versions: these were in 1.8litre GLi or 2.0litre GLi trim A 2.0litre GLD turbodiesel was also but this is rare nowadays.

The generation model debuted in this time including a wagon while dropping the body style. At this it was still regarded as a compact In 1988, an all-wheel drive dubbed All-Trac was introduced and a 118kilowatt JIS (160hp) V6 engine added as options for the first The V6 was fuel-injected with 24 valves, and overhead camshafts, much the upgraded 96kilowatt JIS (130hp) engine. In Japan there was a GT using the older 3S-GE as used on the Celica. This model also had a factory brace similar to an AE92 and rode on the V6 model’s 15inch wheels. This particular also had an electronic instrument

In 1987, Toyota Australia producing these second Camrys in Altona, Victoria, In fact, it was the first Camry made outside of Japan. A four-cylinder engine rated at (86hp) was standard on the base while a 2.0litre four-cylinder 88kilowatts (116hp) was available on all In 1988, a 2.5litre V6 was introduced. The V6 sat the top of the range, and was the only model to be from Japan. Due to its positioning in the and the high import duty it it was very expensive, and only in small numbers. In 1989, the engine was dropped, and was replaced a carburetted 2.0litre engine, 82kilowatts (110hp).

Toyota Manufacturing Kentucky, the first U.S. Toyota plant, producing Camrys in 1988, three trim levels of the generation Camry were the unbadged base model, the DX, and the LE. The engine and Camry chassis was as the upscale Lexus ES 250. The ES 250 was the Japanese-market Camry hardtop. In anti-lock brakes became on the V6, LE, and station wagon models. second generation models extremely popular in the United and it is not at all uncommon to see examples on American even to this day more two decades after production.

For the generation Toyota Camry sold outside of Japan, see Scepter.

The third generation V30 was introduced exclusively to the Japanese in July 1990. A widened of this model was also in Japan as the Toyota Scepter. The incorporated unique front- and styling, with the side and many other sheet and mechanical components interchangeable the two cars. Outside of Japan, the was known as the Camry XV10. generation classification are for the Japanese Camry. The third generation US was introduced from 1992-1996 the fourth generation was introduced 1997-2001, the fifth generation was from 2002-2006, and lastly the and current generation in the US is from The U.S. Camry is presently in its six while the Japanese market is in its seventh generation.

For the 1991 year, a four wheel version of the JDM Camry was sold a 2.0 L V6 engine, with the name Camry V6 PROMINENT 4WS, and code E-VZV31.

An updated appeared in July 1992. The of changes ranged from a larger grille and a revised air unit. At the same time the ZX package appeared in place of GT.

A Camry Coupé was added to with the Honda Accord However, the Camry Coupé was popular and was dropped in 1997. A Camry would not be reintroduced 1999, with the Toyota Solara.

There is also a derivative version of the Camry the Solara from 1994-1997 and spun off into its own line as the Solara when reintroduced in However, the Solara development behind the sedan by a couple and the production is scheduled to end in 2008.

The V40 appeared in July 1994 for the Japanese market. Engines for the V40 of a 1.8litre (4S-FE type) and (3S-FE type), and a 2.2litre (3C-T type). At launch the 2.0litre model was available in drive mode, although the 2.2litre turbodiesel could be with this system.

updated the V40 in June 1996. In the anti-lock brakes and dual air became standard equipment. 1998, the Japanese market and international Camry became with each other, the Toyota Vista taking the V30 and V40 Camry roles.

The fifth Camry was launched in Japan in 1996. It continued as a sedan and wagon (called the Camry in Japan), though the latter was not sold in the United States. generation was launched in the U.S. for the model year.

An equivalent was launched as the Daihatsu Altis ダイハツ・アルティス), it was only sold in and its production started from generation. The Altis was introduced 2000 as a flagship sedan for as a replacement for the Daihatsu Applause. Not many Altis are sold in because the typical Daihatsu is in the entry level pricing and the Altis is priced very to the comparable model JDM Toyota Tha Altis is available with the 5S-FE 2.2 L 4 cylinder engine. the Camry, which is available as a or wagon in Japan, the Altis is a only. The name Altis is a of the word altitude, implying a elevation status as the top level car for

In 2000, the sedan models a mid-model upgrade to the front and fascias, but remained otherwise to the 1997 to 1999 models. The Scepter ceased to exist as the Camrys adopted the 1,795mm wide platform.

The Vista departing from the Camry, 1,700mm (66.9in) wide and forming the basis of the growing In addition, the Vista’s sheetmetal a tall, formal sedan, the Camry became sleeker. split continues today.

The ES 300 was again built from the which uses the Camry

A coupe was added in 1999, and a convertible form in 2000. In to the coupe from the third Camrys, the new two-door cars given a separate nameplate Solara, or simply Solara. were also a significant departure from the sedan. The was available in SE and SLE trims, corresponding to the sedan’s LE and XLE trims.

In the United the Camry SE was dropped and the base was renamed the CE for the 1997 model Both the LE(Limited Edition) and the XLE were carried over the previous generation. All trim were available with the 2.2L I4 or the 3.0L V6 engine the Solara SLE, which was available with the V6. The LE-based Edition was new for 2001 model

Power was increased slightly to SAE (99kW) for the 5S-FE 2.2L I4 and SAE (145kW) for the 1MZ-FE V6. Manual (model: S51) were available on the CE trim level, LE V6, and any model.

For the General Export the Camry was offered as 2.2 GLX and 3.0 V6 Grande.

was the first Camry to be sold as a the Daihatsu Altis was identical to the version of the Camry.

The Camry V6 was on Car and Driver magazine’s Ten Best for 1997.

Tuners have swapped a 2JZ-GTE inline 6 engine into this of Camry.

A more upmarket of Camry Gracia wagon was in Japan as Mark II Qualis. It had no to Mark II sedan besides and rear optics, which those of Mark II X100. II Qualis was also available in version, with 1MZ-FE V6 not available in JDM Camrys.


In unlike the previous generation, the name was also applied to the V6 while the Vienta V6 range was as the upmarket models. The line-up of Camry models consisted of the Conquest and CSX models (automatic only); all three variants available in sedan or wagon. The V6 models consisted of CSI and Conquest, the wagon models only in automatic transmission. The Camry V6 Series sedan model was in March 1999. The Vienta up consisted of VXI and Grande sedan and the VXI wagon. The VXI model was basically a version of the 4-cylinder Camry CSX

In September 2000, the revised was launched. The Vienta V6 range was due to the launch of the Avalon sedan in 2000 and two new models were to the Camry range: the top-of-the-range V6 sedan and the Touring Series V6 both of which were with an automatic transmission Towards the end of the model run, the edition Intrigue and Advantage were launched.


In Middle East, the Camry was in three different trims, the low end XLI the better equipped GLI that carry a four cylinder the third is the V6 Grande trim carries the 1MZ-FE engine a lot of other options. The Middle Camry also was offered as a with the GLI trim only.

In 2001, the Toyota Camry was as a larger sedan (taking cues from the successful Corolla, and Solara) only, but a station wagon for the first Due to station wagons losing to minivans and crossover SUVs, the wagon was replaced by the Toyota minivan (in North America and the Toyota Highlander SUV, vehicles utilizing the Camry’s

The front end of the car was relatively short, a great deal of the length to the a technique adopted by compact In contrast to the fairly squat generation Camry, the sixth was a decidedly tall vehicle. It was (64mm) taller and had a 2in (51mm) wheelbase than the previous

In the United States, the basic CE was dropped for 2002 and the SE sport was reintroduced. Both the LE and SE models available with a manual when equipped with the engine. Any model could be with a V6 or an automatic transmission, the manual transmission was not available on V6 The Camry XLE had an engine that was with a drive-by-wire throttle.

the 2003 model year, the Solara remained on the sixth chassis, and received only styling upgrades to the front and ends. However, the Solara did the same 2.4L 2AZ-FE I4 engine that was available on the sedan.

The second generation Solara was introduced in 2003 as a model. Again, styling the Camry was radically different, design cues from the SC430. The 2.4L VVT-i was still offered, however, a new VVT-i V6 was optional. The Solara received the new 5-speed automatic the sedan was given. In addition to the SE and SLE a new SE Sport was offered. Unlike the generation Solara, the SLE trim be had with the four-cylinder engine.

In 2004, the 2005 Camry was with new upgrades such as a grille (though the SE had a sportier new headlight and taillight designs, front bumper, and new wheels. A new trim level was added, was priced lower than the LE. Interior upgrades to the Camry a rear center head a storage bin in the door, Optitron steering wheel-mounted audio standard for all trim levels, and leather seating on V6-powered A 5-speed automatic transmission was now on both the V6 and I4 engines; the I4 engine the new transmission for the 2005 model

Daihatsu continued with its Altis model for the Japanese The second generation Altis was September 2001, and was available the 2AZ-FE 2.4 L 4 cylinder engine. the Altis is very similar to the JDM Camry with the 4 cylinder

Australia and New Zealand

In Australia and New the 2002 to 2006 Camry is in five different trims: the Ateva, Sportivo, Grande onwards), and Azura. The Altise, and Sportivo are available with the 2.4L four cylinder or the V6 engine, whilst the Grande and were only available the V6. Only the Altise and Sportivo could be fitted with a transmission — all other models are with a four-speed automatic In 2003, the V6-powered Altise model was introduced, which is the Altise model with the suspension that was fitted on the and Azura models and was available in and automatic trasmission. The Australian and New Camry Sportivo corresponds to the American Camry SE.

The Australian and New models were significantly from the other Camry around the world and had around 77% developed components to suit and New Zealand roads and driving The brakes, body panels would only fit on the Australian body and chassis), headlights, radio antenna and suspension all locally developed after of extensive testing in New Zealand the supervision of Toyota engineers. output on the Altise Sport, V6 and Azura models was 145kW compared with the 141kW of the standard V6 models due to a high-flow muffler.

When the revised was launched in Australia and New Zealand in 2004, the Grande model was which, together with the model, were the top-of-the-range The Grande however was fitted the standard suspension rather the sports suspension as fitted on the model. The Grande and Azura have Satellite Navigation as standard equipment, and were the Toyota models in Australia to be with the new Toyota Link The Toyota Link system is a satellite and mobile SMS GSM communications that gives the driver to roadside assistance and emergency via the electrochromatic rear view In August 2005 the Altise model was reintroduced (V6 auto together with Altise (four-cylinder and V6) that has additional The Ateva model had an interior to leather trim and rear air conditioning vents. The Altise was as a fleet model and manual was no longer available on V6 Sportivo from January 2006 Automatic Camrys in Australia used the dated four-speed than the new five-speed introduced in the US the range. The new 3.3-liter engine replaced the 3.0 in the American V6 also did not to Australia.

A number of milestones were with this generation’s in Australia. The one millionth Camry Azura) built in Australia and 10 Camry worldwide rolled off the line at Altona in September In May 2006 Toyota Australia the 500,000th Camry to New Zealand, in of the relationship between Toyota and Toyota New Zealand. More 90% of Australian Camry exports are drive vehicles to Middle countries including Saudi Kuwait, Bahrain, Oman, and the United Arab Emirates. The demand for the Australian-made Camry is running at record levels, the release of an all-new model in 2006. The current Australian-made remains one of the top-selling passenger in Saudi Arabia. In the Middle the fifth generation Camry is in 4 trim levels: XLi, Touring, and Grande V6.

A high concept of the Toyota Camry, the Toyota Camry TS-01 was at the 2005 Melbourne International Show. This concept had significant performance and visual from the production Toyota and was one of the concept vehicles designed is now TRD Australia.

East and Southeast

The Camry in Taiwan and Malaysia of generation looked very to other versions, but the front end had a grille and larger, all-white, shaped headlights. The reverse were moved onto the and were somewhat similar to the on a second generation Avalon’s The older models from had tail lights with a streak across them, models 2004 and later did

In the Philippines, the fifth generation was initially introduced with 2.0 and engines, with four-speed and no manual option. Compared to the US this had a different front end (grille and headlights), as well as taillight garnishes. The facelifted saw off the 2.0 and introduced the 3.0-liter V6 with automatic along with new and wheel design.

The seventh Camry was introduced at the 2006 American International Auto alongside a hybrid version and on sale in March 2006 as a model. The 2007 Camry was redesigned and featured a 2-inch wheelbase. Overall length and volume remained equal to the while trunk space by about 1.5 cu-ft.

Power from a choice of four- and engines. The 2.4 L 4-cylinder engine was over from the past and produced 158 hp and 161 ft·lb. It came a 5-speed manual or 5-speed The 3.5 L V6 engine in contrast came a 6-speed automatic only and 268 hp and 248 ft·lb.

Styling-wise the Camry a sleeker shape. Coefficient of (Cd) figure for the non-hybrid is 0.28 and 0.27 for the hybrid.

For responsive handling Toyota the SE Camry. The SE’s chassis 15-percent-higher spring rates, dampers/shocks, a stiffer front bar, stiffer bushings on the suspension, and 17 summer tires. To a more rigid structure an brace, a V-brace behind the seat and thicker body-side are added. For increased handling TRD offers stiffer lowering

Sales in the United States, the market for the Camry, significantly in the year following release. sales totaled a record vehicles for second quarter of the 2007 model year.

Reports 2007 Annual Car Survey gave the V6 version of the Camry a below average thus removing the V6 Camry Consumer Reports’ Recommended This rating does not to the four cylinder and hybrid which continued to be recommended. these problems have corrected, and the V6 version has improved to

Consumers of awarded Toyota Camry with Car of the distinction.

2010 refresh

revealed the refreshed seventh-generation Camry at the 2009 North International Auto Show. Two designed 2.5L AR family 4 engines replace the previous in non-hybrid models, which is now to a 6spd automatic or 6spd The more powerful 179hp is exclusive to the Camry SE. The 2010 goes on sale in March

Beginning in 2010 all models standard with Toyota’s Stability Control standard.

The Camry comes factory-equipped dual frontal airbags, and rear row side curtain front row torso side and a driver’s knee airbag. standard safety include a pressure monitoring system, Brake Assist, and EBD. also improved the Camry’s by applying ultra-high-strength steel, must be hot-stamped on the Camry’s front and center pillars, and structures.

Toyota Camry TS-01

The Insurance Institute for Highway (IIHS) awarded the Camry an overall rating of Good in frontal offset and side crash tests. Both also receive the Good in all 14 measured categories.

2007 Highway Traffic Safety (NHTSA) Crash Test

Frontal Driver:


Side Driver:

Side Passenger:


The seventh model Toyota Camry a four-star safety rating as a of Australasian New Car Assessment Program testing. The Australia Camry not offer a driver’s knee

Camry Hybrid

Main Toyota Camry Hybrid

The Toyota Camry is the first in which the Camry has been as a gasoline/electric hybrid. The Camry utilizes Toyota’s second Hybrid Synergy Drive and a 4-cylinder engine with (110kW) in conjunction with a (30kW) electric motor for a output of 187hp (139kW). The is currently the third Toyota to be offered as a hybrid, the others the Toyota Prius and the Toyota

Camry Hybrids were built solely in Japan, the majority of production has since to Toyota’s Georgetown, Kentucky which is projected to produce of the vehicles per year. In June Toyota Motor Corporation has that the Camry Hybrid also be built in a Thailand in 2009 and in Melbourne in 2010 an annual production capacity of and 10,000 respectively.

United Environmental Protection Agency‎ economy estimates for the 2007 Camry Hybrid are 40mpg-US 48mpg-imp) (City) and 38mpg-US 46mpg-imp) (Highway). EPA’s method of estimating fuel for 2008 and subsequent model which now considers the effects of air rapid acceleration and cold estimates 33mpg-US (7.1L/100km; (City) and 34mpg-US (6.9L/100km; (Highway).

International production

Camrys are produced at Georgetown, USA, Aichi, Japan, Australia, St. Petersburg, Russia, and in (for the Chinese market The Camry sold in China the front and rear design for the Australian 6-cylinder ‘Aurion’.

On 20, 2007, Camry manufacturing at Subaru of Indiana Automotive, in Lafayette, Indiana USA, intended production of about units per year.

A Camry in Japan is denoted with a VIN with J, as well as a small on the passenger’s side of the front containing equipment that is with Japanese towing US-made models are denoted a VIN starting with 4.

Daihatsu with its twin Altis for the Japanese market. The third Altis was introduced January and continued to be available with the 2.4 L 4 cylinder engine. Visually, the is very similar to the JDM Toyota with the 4 cylinder engine.

and New Zealand

The seventh generation went on sale in Australia and New on August 20, 2006. For the first in 18 years, it is marketed in those as a four cylinder model The simplified model range of the ‘Altise’, ‘Sportivo’, ‘Ateva’, and (in ascending order in terms of The Grande model was the first Camry to be fitted with wipers, stability control, control and Bluetooth connectivity.[citation Stability control was not available the range until August where it became standard on all In May 2008, the Grande variant a change in specifications to the same set of wheels as the ‘Sportivo’ variant, as to the ‘Grande’ variant previously. It is noting that before the the Grande model had the same as the Ateva model. Also, in May 2008, was the Ateva L. It included features such as a rear lip the same alloys as the Sportivo and leather seats and leather trim.

Although Camry are only offered with cylinder engines, the Toyota which has side windows, panels, windscreen and roof identical to those in the Camry, is with V6 engines.

Toyota produces the Camry for both and export markets such as the UAE and the East in Altona, Victoria. have plans to negotiate a with Toyota to begin the of right hand drive Camry hybrids at Altona.

The Camry, as of 2008, is Australia’s selling locally made when taking into all sales, both domestic and


In 2009 model which is sold starting in 2008, the cost for entire was lowered by up to $2500. With a price drop, the Canada is still 30% higher than the one in the US for an model, due to the higher charges for and delivery.

The engines are a 2.4-litre four-cylinder in the LE and SE, and a 3.5-litre V6 in the LE V6, SE V6 and XLE V6. The 2.4-litre with a five-speed automatic in the LE and a manual in the SE, which can also be with the automatic; reviewers the 2.4-litre engine somewhat All V6 Camrys use a six-speed automatic manual shift mode. The is powered by the 2.4-litre four-cylinder hybrid electric system with a continuously variable (CVT).

The XLE comes only as a V6 and is the higher trim level to the base LE. The Camry Hybrid is similar to the XLE, save for its Drive powertrain and engine. The SE Edition), priced between the LE and differs from the rest of the trims, having 17-inch wheels, a sport-tuned suspension, a steering wheel, lip spoiler, skirts, sport-style grille, and fog All other Camrys come 16-inch alloy wheels, the 4-cylinder LE has 16-inch steel standard though alloy are available as part of the Touring

While Vehicle Stability and Traction Control were exclusive to V6 cars for the 2008 these features are now offered on Camry model, save for the LE which has these as part of the package. The moonroof is optional on the LE, SE, and while standard on the other models.

There is a new Navigation which is built on top of SE V6 Leather and JBL including DVD-based navigation with 7-inch LCD screen.

East Asia and China

The sold in the ASEANations is essentially a version of Toyota Aurion in Australia. However, the interior is over from the USDM/JDM with some difference. The 2 variant of the engine based on the is a 2.0 L is also available. The output is (147PS; 145hp) at 6000 rpm 190N·m (140lb·ft) of torque at rpm.

In Malaysia, the 2.0 L models are in two trim packages: the 2.0 E and 2.0 G. The 2.4 variant is in Malaysia, utilizing the 2AZ-FE model. The output of this model is 123kW (167PS; at 6000 rpm with 224N·m of torque at 4000 rpm. Camry LE V6 engine, CD DVD Players 5 and 3 drivers.

The Camry in the Philippines three grades: the base G, a l4 2.4 2AZ-FE engine producing (125kW; 169PS), mated to a gate-type automatic transmission, has 2 SRS has fabric seats and has a foot-type brake. The 2.4 V is almost the same as the G however, its has a 4-spoke steering with wood grain, 2 SRS and has a leather-wrapped wood grain chrome shift lever and The 3.5 Q is the top-of-the-line segment, offering a 3.5 V6, 24V, DOHC and dual It is mated to a 6-speed gate-type transmission, adaptive front system, automatic rain dual exhaust tail tri-color/Optitron with multi-information 2 SRS front airbags, side SRS and a push start system. All of the has an integrated type / tuner/ 6 CD changer / MP3 / WMA. All of the variants use a foot-type parking brake, and the driver whenever the ignition is set to ON, on the central console Welcome to All of the variants has 4 front speakers and 2 speakers.

The popularity of the Camry spectacularly during the 2008 industry crisis – sales of the by itself exceeded Chrysler’s passenger car sales.

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Toyota Camry TS-01
Toyota Camry TS-01
Toyota Camry TS-01
Toyota Camry TS-01


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