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14 Июн 2015 | Author: | No comments yet »
Toyota Aristo I

History of the Lexus GS

We chart the of the Lexus ‘Grand Sedan’, its introduction as a high-performance flagship to its later role as standard-bearer for design and Lexus Hybrid technology.


The of the GS begins, not with Lexus but parent company Toyota and its new model launched in October Toyota introduced the model as a high-performance saloon for the Toyota and Toyota Vista sales in Japan. Built on a highly production line at the new Tahara the Aristo’s basic components and were shared with the Majesta, which also at the same time.

Whereas the was developed as a similarly proportioned yet modern alternative to the diplomatic Century limousine, the Aristo was down to a mid-size category and with appealing European penned by Italdesign under the of Giorgetto Giugiaro.

It was the intention of styling house to remove the of superfluous features that had been a feature of top-of-the-range saloons; hence the car’s curves, wide stance and wedge-like proportions. Prototype were submitted by Italdesign as as 1988, pre-dating similar such as the Jaguar Kensington However, after submission, the form was subtly refined by in-house design team to visual cues that the larger Toyota Celsior as Lexus LS in export markets).


Another advantage of the new Toyota Aristo was superior performance. A double wishbone setup was employed on all four complementing innovations such as suspension, traction control, and a limited-slip differential.

All launch were fitted with a automatic gearbox and a 3.0-litre straight six shared with the Supra. Two versions were a naturally aspirated engine 230PS or a twin-turbocharged unit 280PS. The latter proved popular in Japan as it offered acceleration within the luxury car bracket. A four-wheel drive equipped with the Celsior’s V8 UZ-series engine was added to the line-up in October 1992.

But the biggest news for the Aristo in 1993 when it was introduced to markets (North America, and selected Asian countries) as the new GS 300. The ‘GS’ initials for Grand Sedan and it was presented as the most prestigious model the flagship LS. In that respect it gained a reputation as a more and dynamic performance saloon, still offering many of the luxury qualities as the larger LS

Turbocharged models were offered outside of Japan, so the aspirated 3.0-litre DOHC 24v six was the only engine option. the GS’s tempting mix of attributes – not to its high quality, walnut- and interior – made it a difficult for rivals to match.

Pitched at a point roughly equivalent to of the LS on its 1989 launch (the LS had moved upmarket), the new Lexus GS sold strongly, especially in its years. But behind the scenes the team was already busy its replacement.


in Japan in August 1997, the Toyota Aristo inherited the design theme of its predecessor, the basic long nose, boot proportions. Designed from the outset and once built at the Tahara Plant, the new car some inspiration from the Lexus SC, especially in its unique front-end treatment.

Overall, the car was shorter than before but considerably larger inside to a newly developed platform a longer wheelbase; luggage was also improved from 404 to 515 It was more slippery aerodynamically a drag coefficient figure of Cd (first-gen was 0.31), and the engine was backwards to generate a more chassis balance of 53:47. time there was no four-wheel option.


of the export market next-generation GS began almost immediately the Aristo’s domestic launch, in for its world debut at the Frankfurt Show in September 1997 and launch later that On its arrival, the new GS was critically acclaimed, new standards of performance, safety and within the executive car class. It benefited from a more market perception, similar to enjoyed by the LS and IS models. Sales reflected this, with sales that were and more stable across its production run.

Specifications of the JZ-series engines remained unchanged from those of its including the choice of naturally or twin-turbocharged versions (the model was still reserved for Japan). However, the adoption of VVT-i variable valve technology and other improvements in the system enhanced the power while a new five-speed gearbox for all aspirated models made the of the raised torque curve. torque-regulating electronic devices, vehicle stability and traction were also incorporated for an arsenal of active and passive systems.

In answer to competition increasingly muscular V8 sport the North American market was supplied with a GS 400 model, once again used the V8 Lexus LS engine. At its launch claimed it to be the world’s fastest saloon and promoted it using the and intriguing tagline, ‘Something This Way Comes’. However, the BMW M5 in 1998 stole that with faster acceleration


A facelift was introduced in October for all 2001 model year onwards. Visual changes few so as not to destroy the clean, original that had been so well Under the skin, however, a of alterations engineered into the gave extra refinement and handling and braking, not to mention the inclusion of a brawny new top-of-the-range using the enlarged 280bhp V8 UZ-series engine from the new LS. For the time, this V8 derivative was made available in Europe.

Though it shared the same any similarities between the LS 430 and GS 430 ended The flagship GS was specifically developed to be responsive and sporty, while maintaining traditional Lexus of refinement.


now, the Toyota Aristo and GS had been virtually identical produced in parallel, destined for domestic or export markets However, the end of production of the second-generation coincided with an organisational between Toyota and Lexus came into effect in 2005. From this onward, Japan aligned with the rest of the world, the Lexus brand as its premium and giving it a separate sales

Although the Aristo line was in this switchover — as well as premium models with equivalents, such as the Celsior, Harrier and Soarer — the model lived on as the new third-generation Lexus GS. at the Tahara Plant started in 2005 and the car was launched in the UK in April. Due to the of rolling out the changeover, Japan receive the new model until of the same year. A little the GS was used to spearhead the introduction of into emerging markets as China and Russia.


Based on a new longer and wider this third incarnation of GS had the distinction of being the first to debut the sleek, powerful of L-finesse – a bold design destined to shape a new generation of vehicles.

Toyota Aristo I

Developed over a three-year and hinted at with the launch of the LF-S concept in 2003, approach delivered sculptured treatments, with long, and elegant lines. A sloping shape dramatically altered the profile, enhanced with B-pillars and a sweeping belt But there were echoes of generation GSs in the quad headlights and in the curve of the rear windows. was more aero efficient, helping new GS scythe through the air an improved drag coefficiency of just Cd 0.27.


Only V-formation engines available in the latest GS. These comprised new 3.0-litre and 3.5-litre V6 engines with 245bhp and respectively, and the familiar 280bhp V8 that had been used in the version of the previous generation All vehicles received a new electronically-controlled, six-speed automatic gearbox, but not all received every engine Cars destined for export primarily GS 300 and GS 430 models, while opted instead for the GS 350 and GS 430. A drive model was reintroduced to markets, though the transmission was paired with the V6 engines.


mid-cycle refreshments were out for 2007, 2008 and 2010 year cars, refining the handling and outward appearance. export markets used the of these opportunities to delete the V6 in favour of the 3.5-litre engine. the venerable UZ-series V8 was finally for a powerful new 4.6-litre chain-driven, UR-series V8 with variable timing on both intake and cams. The 342bhp GS 460 was equipped a new eight-speed automatic transmission.

But the most important advancement for the GS with the domestic launch of the GS flagship in March 2006. was the first hybrid model marketed by Lexus, effectively Lexus Hybrid Drive to the and it marked the world’s first rear-wheel drive luxury vehicle.

Although the engine at the of the GS 450h was the same 3.5-litre V6 the GS 350, it was assisted by a high-output, magnet electric motor endowed the car with sportscar-like (0-62mph 5.7sec), combined economy typical of a 2.0-litre saloon, and unfeasibly low emission Unlike other GS models, powerplant was paired with a variable transmission (CVT). The output of 341bhp pitched the at a performance level similar to of cars with 4.5-litre V8 which is why this model the numerical designation of ’450′.


The fourth-generation Lexus GS line-up was out across the world through the half of 2012, including a developed GS 250 entry level the redesigned GS 350, and the second-generation GS hybrid. As the centrepiece of Toyota Akio Toyoda’s vision of a and more passionate Lexus it features a uniquely progressive and appearance; in fact, a substantial of the latest L-finesse design first adopted in the CT series.

the interior design is both and practical, featuring a 12.3″ high-resolution multimedia display (a first in a mass-produced vehicle), the mouse-like Remote Touch and a new analogue clock with LED forged from a single of metal.

All engines are of V6 format and from the latest development in the range, equipped with twin fuel injection to engine output, fuel and environmental performance. In addition, the GS adopts a newly developed Atkinson cycle version of the engine, delivering CO2 emissions of 137g/km. This makes it one of the cars among diesel and vehicles within its segment, and an 23% more fuel-efficient than the generation GS 450h. Transmission are limited to either six-speed or CVT (hybrid only), while the GS 350 is in some markets with drive.

In a drive to lower the car’s weight and improve handling all suspension components are fabricated aluminium. The chassis is enhanced on F Sport models, which are with the newly developed Dynamic Handling system controls steering angles both axles to achieve steering responsiveness and deliver stable high-speed performance.

new GS has been designed to deliver a more engaging and enjoyable experience, with sharp, steering, excellent body high speed stability and the comfort expected of a Lexus saloon.

Discover the new GS range for by visiting the dedicated page on the UK website .


Toyota Aristo I
Toyota Aristo I
Toyota Aristo I
Toyota Aristo I
Toyota Aristo I

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