Toyota will launch hydrogen-powered car in 2015 — Business —…

4 Июн 2015 | Author: | No comments yet »
Toyota 2015

Toyota will launch car in 2015

TOYOTA CITY, Calif. — In 1997, Toyota its competitors by surprise with the Prius, the first commercially gasoline-electric hybrid car. the Japanese firm is trying to do the with a technology that straight out of science fiction.

Motor Corp will year launch a hydrogen-powered car in the States, Japan and Europe. For people at Toyota are calling it the FC car, for fuel-cell.

Fuel-cell use a “stack” of cells that combine hydrogen with to generate electricity that propel the car. Their emission, bar heat, is water they can run five times than battery electric and it takes just minutes to the tank with hydrogen — far than even the most charger can recharge a battery car.

The 2015 launch a 20-year zig-zag quest which Toyota first to get the technology to work and then to lower manufacturing costs to permit realistic pricing. It has been playing catch-up to Honda Motor Co, which has set the pace with its FCX Clarity, a purpose-built hydrogen car.

The continues, though Toyota it has cracked the code with design improvements, such as wider, flatter “fettuccine-style” in coils that make the more powerful, and thus and cheaper.

“With the 2015 FC car we think achieved a degree of dominance our rivals,” Satoshi Ogiso, a managing director, said in a interview at the group’s global “With the car, we make a giant step” toward fuel-cell vehicles practical for use.

What’s more, and engineers say Toyota is willing to the car at a loss for a long while to the new technology — just as it did with the which, with other now accounts for 14 percent of Toyota’s sales, excluding group of around 9 million vehicles.

As a drivers in key “green” markets as California may be able to buy the car for a little than $30,000-$40,000, after subsidies — if management approves a strategy put forward by a group of and engineers. General Motors Chevrolet Volt, a near-all-electric hybrid, for comparison, starts at $35,000 in the United States.

The are high — for global automakers, oil economies, and the environment.

Infrastructure

As with battery electric a major challenge for fuel-cell is a lack of infrastructure, with few fuel stations in the world. vary, but it costs about $2 to build a single hydrogen station in the United States, to Toyota executives.

Safety is also a concern. is a highly flammable element not handled properly.

The Toyota pits fuel-cell technology battery electric in a race to the hearts and wallets of drivers for engines that are easier on the Automakers are under pressure to in so-called “zero-emission” cars as rules globally demand harmful emissions and better economy.

It’s a polarizing

Takeshi Uchiyamada, the 67-year-old of the Prius” whose success him from mid-level engineer to board chairman, says inefficiencies will make the electric car little more an “errands car” — a small for shopping, dropping the kids at and other short-haul chores.

global automakers in the fuel-cell include Daimler AG, Hyundai Co and Honda, which plans to an upgraded FCX Clarity next with seating for five, a fuel-cell stack, greater and a longer driving range.

betting on battery electric include Nissan Motor Co, Motors Inc, Bayerische Werke AG, GM, Ford Motor Co and automakers backed by the country’s policymakers. China offers purchase incentives for those battery electric cars and to have 5 million “new vehicles — mostly all-electric and all-electric plug-in hybrids — on the by 2020. Several of these be exhibited at the Beijing auto from April 20.


Tesla chief Elon has said hydrogen is an unsuitable for cars. In a videotaped speech year to employees and others at a new service center in Germany, said: “Fuel-cell is so bullshit. is a quite dangerous gas. suitable for the upper-stage rocket, but not for

Even Toyota only tens of thousands of fuel-cell to be sold each year a from now as the new technology will time to gain traction.

yelled at

It’s been a road for Toyota to get this

Ogiso, who was part of the team came up with the Prius and now the development of hydrogen cars, the two-decade effort to “racing in dark tunnels.”

“You know whether you’re or behind,” said the 53-year-old executive.

Toyota 2015

Just a decade it cost more than $1 to manufacture a fuel-cell vehicle system. Toyota has whittled those costs and overcome hurdles, such as how to start the car in cold weather.

In October 2003, a materials at Toyota’s tech center in Ann Michigan gave a presentation in he highlighted the difficulty his team in solving this issue. afterwards, rival Honda it developed a fuel-cell car that run in temperatures as low as minus 20 Celsius 4 Fahrenheit). “It was embarrassing, and we were at by the big bosses,” recalled a person with the incident.

Five later, there was more at the hands of Honda — what fuel-cell engineers call the shock” — referring to Honda’s of the FCX Clarity. “Honda built part of that from the up, and it had cool styling,” said a engineer who has been on the fuel-cell for more than a decade. “It shockwaves through our team.”

On a floor of Toyota’s research across the street from the some 200 material scientists, computer programmers and mechanical worked to nail down the electric fuel-cell technology needed.

Less platinum

A chunk of the cost savings has from using less as a catalyst in the electrochemical reaction hydrogen and oxygen, resulting in economies. Toyota says its hydrogen car should drive 435 on a single tank, more many conventional gasoline-engine and a strong selling point to worried about driving

Ogiso and his engineers are reluctant to specifically about how they their breakthrough, but noted expertise in nanotechnology, allowing to shrink platinum particles to combine oxygen and hydrogen and more electricity. That them to reduce the size of the stack and use less fuel to the car go farther.

Ogiso says has cut the platinum use per car by more than through nanotechnology and stack-design and he expects to trim that Engineer Hitoshi Nomasa a hydrogen-powered Toyota SUV now uses 30 grams of platinum in the fuel-cell, from 100 grams previously. currently costs $1,437 an (28 grams) on world markets.

has also borrowed spare from the Prius and other hybrids it sells around the While the fuel-cell car uses as fuel, it otherwise resembles the models as both use electricity to their motors.

“Very … under the hood of the 2015 FC car lie or less the exact same used for the Prius and other said another Toyota engineer, referring to the electric “transaxle” gear and hybrid pack, among the parts from the hybrid spares

Even the incremental advance the “fettuccine coils” — the wide, copper wire can bind the more tightly and needs space — took the Toyota a decade to hone.

While have come down Toyota says a hydrogen fuel-cell propulsion system still costs it close to to produce. That’s partly why Toyota money managers a more conservative pricing — of $50,000-$100,000 — said one individual on the FC car launch team.

“It might be to price it below $50,000,” said. “But anything is at this point.”

Toyota 2015
Toyota 2015
Toyota 2015
Toyota 2015
Toyota 2015

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